Thursday: Why Turn Back to Slavery?


Galatians 4:8-20 Read Galatians 4:8-20. Summarize on the lines below what Paul is saying there. How seriously does he take the false teachings among Galatians? Paul does not describe the exact nature of the Galatians’ religious practices, but he clearly has in mind a false system of worship that resulted in spiritual slavery. Indeed, he deemed … [Click to read more …]

Wednesday: The Privileges of Adoption

Privileges of Adoption

Galatians 4:5-7 In Galatians 4:5-7, Paul expands on his theme, stressing that Christ has now “redeemed those who were under the law” (vss. 4, 5, ESV). The word to redeem means “to buy back.” It referred to the price paid to buy the freedom of either a hostage or a slave. As this context indicates, redemption implies a negative … [Click to read more …]

Tuesday: God Sent Forth His Son

God Sent Forth His Son

Gal. 4:4, ESV “But when the fullness of time had come, God sent forth his Son, born of woman, born under the law” (Gal. 4:4, ESV). Paul’s choice of the word fullness indicates God’s active role in working out His purpose in human history. Jesus did not come at just any time; He came at the precise time … [Click to read more …]

Monday: Enslaved to Elementary Principles

Learning Basic Principles

Having just compared our relationship to God with that of sons and heirs, Paul now elaborates on this metaphor by including the theme of inheritance in Galatians 4:1-3. Paul’s terminology evokes a situation in which an owner of a large estate has died, leaving all his property to his oldest son. His son, however, is still … [Click to read more …]

Sunday: Our Condition in Christ

God's Robe of Righteousness

Gal. 3:26-29 Keeping Galatians 3:25 in mind, read Galatians 3:26. How does this text help us understand what our relationship to the law is, now that we have been redeemed by Jesus? The word for at the beginning of verse 26 indicates that Paul sees a direct connection between this verse and the preceding one. In the same way that … [Click to read more …]

Sabbath: From Slaves to Heirs

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Read for This Week’s Study: Gal. 3:26-4:20; Rom. 6:1-11; Heb. 2:14-18; Heb. 4:14-15; Rom. 9:4-5. Memory Text: “So you are no longer a slave, but a son, and if a son, then an heir through God” (Galatians 4:7, ESV). Paul tells the Galatians that they should not live and act as slaves but as the sons and daughters of God, with all … [Click to read more …]

Friday: Further Thought – The Road to Faith

Further Thought: “I am asked concerning the law in Galatians. What law is the schoolmaster to bring us to Christ? I answer: Both the ceremonial and the moral code of ten commandments. “Christ was the foundation of the whole Jewish economy. The death of Abel was in consequence of Cain’s refusing to accept God’s plan … [Click to read more …]

Thursday: The Law and the Believer

The Law as a Mirror

Many have interpreted Paul’s comment in Galatians 3:25 as a complete dismissal of the law. This makes little sense, however, in light of Paul’s positive comments about the law elsewhere in the Bible. What does he, then, mean? First, we are no longer under the law’s condemnation (Rom. 8:3). As believers, we belong to Christ. As His, we … [Click to read more …]

Wednesday: The Law as Our Schoolmaster

Law as Schoolmaster

In Galatians 3:23, Paul describes the law as a guarding and protecting force. To what does he liken it in verse 24, and what does that mean? The word translated “schoolmaster” (KJV) comes from the Greek word paidagogos. Some versions translate it as “disciplinarian” (NRSV), “tutor” (NKJV), or even “guardian” (ESV), but no single word fully can encompass its meaning. … [Click to read more …]

Tuesday: The Law as Our “Guard”

Paul gives two basic conclusions about the law: (1) the law does not nullify or abolish God’s promise made to Abraham (Gal. 3:15-20); (2) the law is not opposed to the promise (Gal. 3:21-22). What role does the law actually play then? Paul writes that it was added “because of transgressions” (Gal. 3:19), and he expands on this … [Click to read more …]