|LESSON 13||*December 19 - 25|
Cities of Refuge
Read for This Week's Study:
"We. . . who have fled for refuge to lay hold upon the hope set before us: which hope we have as an anchor of the soul, both sure and stedfast" (Hebrews 6:18, 19).
|Though God was faithful in doing
all that He had promised, the nation itself, at least that first generation,
proved unfaithful andinstead of inheriting the land offered itdied
in a harsh wilderness on the wrong side of the Jordan River, the side they
were to have fled from and not to have died in. What a tragedy, especially
because it didnt need to happen. All that they had been given, all
that God had done for them, and yet, still they refused to trust, refused
to act in faith even though they had witnessed dramatic manifestations of
Gods power in ways that most of us never have seen and, at least in
this life, probably never will.
But the Lord was not through. No way. The theme of the Bible, again and again, is that God will fulfill His promises. The Lord will have His redeemed people in a new heaven and new earth. That is beyond question. The only question for us is, Will we be there, or will we be like the first generation, who despite all that was done for them, refused to enter into the promises given them?
*Study this week's lesson to prepare for Sabbath, December 26.
33. Why do you think the Lord had Moses write down their starting
points, stage by stage? What purpose could that serve?
However powerful the story of their wanderings, today there are biblical scholars who, while not denying the reality of a group of ex-slaves leaving Egypt, nevertheless try to attribute it to purely natural circumstances. That is, they were doing exactly what the Lord didnt want done, and that is to forget that God was central to all that had happened.
33:5056. Putting aside the immediate historical context (and the
inevitable difficult issues it raises for us today), what important spiritual
principle is found in these texts? From what you know of the history of ancient
Israel after they had settled the land, why was this commandment about dealing
with these peoples so important?
|How can we protect ourselves from the negative influences that are always around us? What personal choices must you, and you alone, make for yourself to help limit the negative impact of these influences on you?|
Cities of the Levites
It will be remembered that, because of the Levites loyalty at Sinai, they were to be rewarded. God was to be their portion. Nevertheless, the Lord made specific provisions for them and how they were to live among the people they were to serve.
What provision was made for the Levites? What does this
teach us about how the Levites were to live?
Notice, too, how the land was to be given to them from all the tribes. Those who had been given a lot of land were to give up more than those who had been given less. Hence, fairness in the land allocation is again seen. And yet all the tribes were to give of the inheritance of their possession (vs. 2). All were to take part in making sure that the Levites were provided for. Thus, the Lord clearly wanted them to know their obligations. In a sense, the principle of tithing works the same way. Those who have a lot will, by default, tithe more than those who have less.
At the same time, too, the fact that they were to be provided for by the other tribes certainly must have been a constant reminder to the Levites of their responsibility to do their work faithfully in behalf of the people.
The Levites, then, were to be scattered among all the tribes of Israel; that is, they werent gathered in one specific area. They were to live among the people, perhaps as a reminder of the faithfulness of their fathers during the worship of the golden calf. Hence, ideally, they in their sacred roles could be a constant witness to the people of what faithfulness and holiness should be about. Living among them, being part of their communities, sharing in their struggles, sorrows, and joys, the Leviteshad they been faithful to their taskcould have been a blessing to the nation. They were not to be some exclusive, elite, arrogant class that lived apart from the community in which they served. They were to serve, not be served. What an example of what true ministry is all about.
|Read Ephesians 2. What does this tell us about what it means to be part of a community of believers? How can we best fit into our community and fulfill whatever roles we are called to?|
Cities of Refuge
35:6, 912. What is being established here and why?
At this time in ancient Israel no system of justice operated. If a man accidentally or on purpose killed a man, the victims nearest of kin became his avenger of blood (Deut. 19:12) to execute justice. To prevent a miscarriage of justice, a system of six Levitical cities (three on each side of the Jordon) were appointed to which the murderer could flee for safety (Josh. 20:17).
Numbers 35:12, though, brings out an important point. Fleeing to the city automatically didnt guarantee permanent asylum. In some cases it would be a temporary refuge until he stands before the congregation in judgement (NKJV). That is, until the facts of the case could be established. These cities did not provide some kind of permanent diplomatic immunity, in which today a diplomat can commit a crime in a host country and get away with it. In this case, these cities were set up in order to prevent what could be a miscarriage of justice.
35:921. How do we understand this form of justice in light of the
|Suppose you know someone whose family member has been murdered, and the accused, unquestionably guilty, is convicted. The family, who are Christians, can have a say in the sentence, either death or life in prison. What would you advise them and why? Bring your answer to class on Sabbath.|
Cities of Refuge, Continued
Read Numbers 35:2234 and answer the following questions:
Christ, Our Refuge
The God of my rock; in him will I trust: he is my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my high tower, and my refuge, my saviour; thou savest me from violence (2 Sam. 22:3).
Samuel 22:3 reflect, at least somewhat, what the cities of refuge
what ways do we find the same kind of refuge and protection
in Christ that those who fled to the cities of refuge found? See
The cities of refuge appointed for Gods ancient people were a symbol of the refuge provided in Christ. The same merciful Saviour who appointed those temporal cities of refuge has by the shedding of His own blood provided for the transgressors of Gods law a sure retreat, into which they may flee for safety from the second death. No power can take out of His hands the souls that go to Him for pardon. There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus. Who is he that condemneth? It is Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us; that we might have a strong consolation, who have fled for refuge to lay hold upon the hope set before us.Romans 8:1, 34; Hebrews 6:18.
He who fled to the city of refuge could make no delay. Family and employment were left behind. There was no time to say farewell to loved ones. His life was at stake, and every other interest must be sacrificed to the one purposeto reach the place of safety. Weariness was forgotten, difficulties were unheeded. The fugitive dared not for one moment slacken his pace until he was within the wall of the city.Ellen G. White, Patriarchs and Prophets, pp. 516, 517.
At the same time, the parallel is not exact, because our understanding of the Cross is that even those who have committed premeditated sin, even murder, can be forgiven by the Lord.
Do you feel that you are not good enough to be saved? Do you feel that your sins are too great for you to be accepted by God? Do you feel that you are unworthy of forgiveness? If so, then why is it important to forget about how you feel and claim the promises of forgiveness, salvation, and acceptance offered to you by Jesus?
|Ellen G. White, The Division of Canaan,
pp. 510520, in Patriarchs
The sinner is exposed to eternal death, until he finds a hiding place in Christ; and as loitering and carelessness might rob the fugitive of his only chance for life, so delays and indifference may prove the ruin of the soul. Satan, the great adversary, is on the track of every transgressor of Gods holy law, and he who is not sensible of his danger, and does not earnestly seek shelter in the eternal refuge, will fall a prey to the destroyer.
The prisoner who at any time went outside the city of refuge was abandoned to the avenger of blood. Thus the people were taught to adhere to the methods which infinite wisdom appointed for their security. Even so, it is not enough that the sinner believe in Christ for the pardon of sin; he must, by faith and obedience, abide in Him.Ellen G. White, Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 517.
| How do we differentiate between forgiveness of sin, in
the context of salvation and the Cross, and the issue of a crime in the context
of the criminal justice system? Why must we differentiate between them, or
In class, discuss your answer to Tuesdays question regarding the death penalty. What would you tell the family, and why? Also, is it right and fair to apply what was done in ancient Israel to our system of justice today? Discuss.
Why is it so important to remember how the Lord has led us in the past, either as individuals or as a church? What dangers arise if we forget the past? At the same time, why is it important not to dwell too much on what already has been done and cannot be changed? How can we strike the right balance here?
How do we administer church discipline today? How do we deal with wayward members whose actions are a reproach to the Lord? Yet at the same time, how do we deal with them in a way that does not make us appear judgmental? Or can we?
|The children of Israel, on the borders of the Promised Land, are given a quick summary of how God has led them all those years. Just before they enter, the Lord establishes the cites of refuge, places of asylum that, in a unique way, represent the refuge that we, as sinners, can find in Christ.|
|I N S I D E Story|
by MOUSSAH NUHU-DAMARU
It was a tough time in Nigeria. I worked for the government, and my wife was a teacher, but we hadn't been paid in weeks. And my wife was expecting. We weren't sure how we would manage.
I still hadn't been paid when my wife went into labor. I had no money to pay the hospital, the doctors in the government hospitals were on strike, and the mission hospital was too far away. Our only option was an expen-sive private hospital.
We hired a taxi to take us to the private hospital, but on the way my wife started delivering the baby. The driver found a small clinic where she was able to deliver the baby. We rejoiced in our newborn son and thanked God for saving us a lot of money!
Two days later teachers were told to report in person to be paid their back wages. I couldn't go for my wife; she had to go herself and take our new son with her. And after waiting all day to be paid, she was told to return the next day!
On Sabbath morning I prepared for church. I wanted to give a thank offering for our new son, but I still hadn't been paid, and I had only eight naira (about six cents)! As an elder I felt a responsibility to be a good example, and that included faithfulness in tithes and offerings. How could I give just eight naira to God? Finally I gave my mother five naira and my three older children one naira each. I went to church with nothing.
During Sabbath School my son said that a man wanted to see me. I went outside to see what he wanted. I recognized the man and greeted him. He wasn't a church member, and I wondered how he knew where to find me. "Can we go somewhere and talk?" he asked.
I walked him to my house, which was nearby, and we sat down. Then he pulled out a roll of bills and peeled off 8,000 naira ($60)! Imagine my sur-prise! I had forgotten that this man had owed me money. I thanked the man and hurried back to church.
I returned tithe on the money the man had given me and took a fitting offering for the thank offering. Later I told my wife what had happened.
The next day she was finally able to get her long-overdue pay. God is faithful!
Things became easier for us after that, but I'll never forget how God provided an offering just at the right time. Giving an offering for mission is always a blessing.
MOUSSAH NUHU-DAMARU is a lab technician in the Mass Communication Department at Babcock University in Nigeria, West Africa.
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