LESSON 3 *April 11 - 17
Lesson graphic

Read for This Week's Study:

Luke 21:25, 26; 1 Cor. 15:20-26; 50-55; John 5:24; Revelation 21.

Memory Text:

"Always be prepared to give the answer to everyone who asks you to give a reason for the hope that you have" (1 Peter 3:15, NIV).

      The twentieth century began in a mood of great optimism. Since the beginning of the Enlightenment Era, optimism had dominated the way of thinking in the Western world. As human beings, we could not only discover all truth using reason, we also were capable of moral perfection. New inventions, new modes of travel, the dramatic increase of medical knowledge, and the introduction of new machines and the steady advancement of human morals would improve all lives. But after two world wars, the holocaust, the nuclear threat of the cold war, and worldwide terrorism as an ever-present danger, coupled with the realization that humankind is in the process of destroying the environment it needs for human survival, little reason for optimism remains. However, there is hope, not in what we see or in what we can do but in what God has promised us through Jesus, His Son.

The Week at a Glance:

As followers of Christ we can have hope even amid a world that in and of itself offers none. And that's because this hope is not based on ourselves or on anything we or the world can offer. This hope is based solely on Jesus and His promises to us.

*Study this week's lesson to prepare for Sabbath, April 18.

SUNDAY April 12

Hope Amid Our World

Life after September 11, 2001, has greatly changed.  People will always remember the images of passenger airliners flying into the twin towers of the World Trade Center. We all realize that it can happen again. There is no way we can be fully protected from people who are prepared to die as they use an airplane, filled with men, women, and children, as a flying bomb or are willing to blow themselves up at a bus stop or in a supermarket. There is fear everywhere and, considering the world we live in, that fear is understandable.

What did Jesus single out as one of the characteristics of the time of the end? Luke 21:25, 26.

"Transgression has almost reached its limit. Confusion fills the world, and a great terror is soon to come upon human beings. The end is very near. God's people should be preparing for what is to break upon the world as an overwhelming surprise."—Ellen G. White, Child Guidance, p. 555. Imagine what she would say were she alive in our post-9/11 environment!   Ours is a world of war, corruption, greed, and terror.  And we know that many unpleasant things yet will occur in the future—in the world, and even in the church. But whatever  happens, we have hope through Jesus. There may be anguish among the nations. People may even faint from terror—"apprehensive of what is coming on the world" (Luke 21:26, NIV)—but this will not be the case for those who have been expecting their Lord. None of these horrible things should take us by surprise. After all, the Bible has warned us all through its pages that we should expect toil, suffering, and trouble until Jesus returns. The fact that we see these things only should help confirm for us the truth of God's Word.

Read Luke 21:28. What hope is Jesus offering us amid all the turmoil and fear of the world?

Why is it so fruitless, and empty, to place our hope in this world or in what this world offers? Why do we tend to do that, even though it should be obvious by now that if we are to have any hope, it must be a hope that transcends whatever this world can give?

MONDAY April 13

Hope—Here and Now

The Christian hope has to do with the future: Christ's return; the resurrection of God's people; a new heaven and a new earth; eternity with God. But salvation is also a present reality. That kind of hope separates us from those without the certainty that life has meaning and that in Christ humanity has an eternal future. The apostle Paul reminds us of the radical change that takes place when we accept Jesus as our Lord. As long as we are separated from Christ, we are "without hope and without God in the world" (Eph. 2:12, NIV). But all this changes when we are no longer "far away" from God but have "brought near through the blood of Christ" (vs. 13, NIV).

In what terms did Jesus describe the radical change that takes places when we "hear" His word and believe in Him? John 5:24.

What kind of life can be ours? John 10:10. What does this mean, and how should we be experiencing this promise?

"Life" is one of the key words of the Gospel of John.  In Matthew, Mark, and Luke the concept of life is primarily eternal life. "But in the Gospel of John, life is particularly focused on the present reality of what Jesus does for those who believe in Him. . . .

"There are two keys to attaining life at its best. The first is to know that the source of that life is found only in Christ (John 14:6; 6:33-58; 1 John 5:11, 12). Wherever Jesus is, life is (John 11:25, 26). The second key to attaining life is believing (1:4, 12). It is through continuous relationship with Jesus that individuals appropriate the life that is ever present in Jesus (3:16, 36)." Jon Paulien, The Abundant Life Bible Amplifier: John (Boise, Idaho: Pacific Press® Publishing Association, 1995), p. 189.
How has Jesus changed your life for the better here and now? What do you have now that you didn't have before coming to know Jesus and the hope He gives us?

TUESDAY April 14

Hope Beyond the Grave

Death comes to all of us (unless we are alive at the moment of Christ's return). All of us have lost loved ones in death. We are daily confronted with the grim reality of death. We see it as we pass cemeteries, see hearses, or switch on the television news. But even worse, we face it up close as we say our final goodbye to a friend or relative.  Death is our archenemy, but it is one that will be defeated.

What is the glorious truth about the reality of death?  1 Cor. 15:20-26, 50-55, 1 Pet. 1:3.

How does the certainty of the resurrection divide humanity? 1 Thess. 4:14.

The apostle Paul, in his famous chapter about the resurrection (1 Corinthians 15), stresses that the hope of the resurrection is an essential component of our total faith experience (vss. 12-19). If there is no resurrection, our faith is empty.

Of course, there are many aspects of the physical resurrection that we do not understand. But of one thing we can be sure: Our "resurrection" does not depend on the safekeeping of the present material substances of our bodies. It depends on the power of our Creator to safeguard our identity and to re-create us at a given moment with a new (perfect) body that will never need any cosmetic surgery or antiaging pills.

We have no idea how God is going to perform this miracle. But the God who could create life here to begin with certainly has the power to re-create the earth and fill it with the people whose identities have been safeguarded in the divine memory. Our hope is not based on anything we can verify with our intellect or our senses. The resurrection involves a realm of existence far beyond anywhere science can take us. But it is based on the fact that Christ has conquered death. As a result, the death of the believer is but a temporary "sleep" from which he or she will be raised and given eternal life.
Even with this great hope, the greatest any of us could have, we still hate death, we still fear it, and we still flee from it all that we can. This is only natural (for death is unnatural). At the same time, what can we do to nourish and strengthen our confidence in the great promise that we have regarding eternal life, a promise that alone can lessen our fear of death now?


Eternal Hope

How can finite beings ever understand what it is to be infinite? How can we, as mortals-most of whom will not live beyond 80 or 90 years-ever understand what it is to be immortal and live forever? Eternal life is not simply a continuation of our present life. That would in many ways more resemble "hell" than "heaven." Eternal life has an altogether different quality. While we are still in our present mortal state, we will have to be content with a glimpse of what the future holds: We see but "a poor reflection" and "know [only] in part" (1 Cor. 13:12, NIV).

In what ways will eternal life differ from our present existence? 1 Cor. 15:42, 43, 52; Revelation 21. What things will be similar?

We are left with lots of questions as we contemplate the life that awaits us, questions that will never be fully answered here and now. But we can learn from Jesus' own resurrection. It is important to note that the Christ who was raised from the dead was the same person as the One who a few days earlier died on the cross. He arose with a "glorified" body that was no longer subject to the laws of nature in the way our present mortal bodies are. Yet at the same time, He possessed a continuity with the "human form" that He had prior to His death and resurrection. He was the same Person, recognizable by His outward appearance, His voice, and His gestures. That gives us good reason to conclude that in our new "glorious bodies" we will be recognized by those we knew in this life and who will enjoy the life in the beyond with us.

And yet, we can also experience some of that eternal life now. Paul explains to us (Rom. 8:10) that the Spirit will enter the person who has turned to Christ. The believer, therefore, is already touched by the eternal life that will become a full reality in the world to come. The presence of the Spirit is the pledge of our eternal salvation (Eph. 1:13, 14).
Try to imagine what life will be like in a new heaven, a new earth, with new bodies. Let your imagination soar; write out a paragraph based on what we find in the Bible, about what this new life will be like. How foolish to throw it all away for anything that this life offers us.


Christ Our Hope

Long before Christ entered this world, His coming had been predicted. True to those promises, He did indeed come.  Manifold are the promises that He will come a second time.  He said so Himself: " 'I will come back!' " On the final page of the Bible this promise is repeated: " 'Yes, I am coming soon' " (Rev. 22:20, NIV). This is the corporate hope of Christian believers. It is "the blessed hope—the glorious appearing of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ" (Titus 2:13, NIV).

In what sense does the hope of the Christian culminate in the Jesus' second coming? (Rev. 22:7, 10-12, 20). Why are these promises so crucial to us?

How does the time aspect mentioned in 2 Peter 3:8, 9 impact our understanding of the term soon in connection with the Second Coming?

The ultimate solution for the sin problem and all the misery sin has caused is not found in anything humanity can invent or arrange, but in the intervention of heaven through our Lord Jesus Christ. Our hope is not in human technology, clever politicians, or social and moral progress. These things never can solve the problem of death. And although it is important to know what will precede and accompany the coming of the Lord, it is even more important that we are sure of the One we expect.

Our Lord will come soon. "It is just a matter of time, that's all. And no one can change this fact. No tyrant can reach up and grab the world from His grasp. It remains firmly and forever in the hands of the Crucified One. None can undo Calvary anymore than they can undo their birth. . . . Since the cross, we live in time filled by the victory of Calvary—time determined by that goal. Hence, whether they know it or not, humanity does not merely advance toward a hoped-for goal in some distant day, with the possibility that it may never come. No! Humanity moves triumphantly from a goal Jesus has already reached."—Norman Gulley, Christ Is Coming (Hagerstown, Md.: Review and Herald® Publishing Association, 1998), p. 540.

A philosopher naA philosopher named Martin Heidegger once said that "only a god can save us." Whatever he himself might have meant by that idea, why is it so true? Where are you placing your hope? If it's in anything but the true God, why is this hope a false one?  

FRIDAY April 17

Further Study:  
  Norman Gulley's book Christ Is Coming is probably the most complete Adventist book in recent times about last-day events and the second coming of Christ. You may want to scan the book and read a few chapters, in particular the chapter entitled "The Greatest Rescue of All Time" (pp. 538-552). For the classic description of the moment when our hope will be fulfilled, see Ellen G. White, The Great Controversy (in particular, pp. 662-678).

Try to commit the following majestic words to memory: "The great controversy is ended. Sin and sinners are no more. The entire universe is clean. One pulse of harmony and gladness beats through the vast creation. From Him who created all flow life and light and gladness, throughout the realms of illimitable space. From the minutest atom to the greatest world, all things, animate and inanimate, in their unshadowed beauty and perfect joy, declare that God is love."—Ellen G. White, The Great Controversy, p. 678.

Discussion Questions:
     In class, read your depictions of what you envision eternal life in a new earth will be like. Compare and discuss what was presented.

   How do you respond to those who say that this hope Christians have of another existence causes them not to care deeply enough about the woes of this existence?

   How can you remain hopeful, even when everything seems to go against you?

   How do we experience, here and now, some of the hope that we have in Christ? How should lives differ now because of this hope? What can we do, in a real and visible way, to show others the immediate fruit and benefits of being a follower of the living God?

  Hope is a vital component of the Christian life. It is firmly based on what Christ accomplished on the cross. The Christian's hope has to do with the here and now, for the kingdom that is to come is, in principle, already present in the believer. Yet, the full realization of the blessed hope is future. We know that the world is still affected by the results of Satan's rebellion, but the outcome is secure: Our Lord reigns, and His eternal kingdom will soon be realized in all its glory. Our hope is to be citizens of that kingdom forever.

I N S I D E Story    
The Stranger on the Bus


One family in the country of Azerbaijan is convinced that the stranger they encountered on a bus was no ordinary passenger.

Gunel's family was mourning the loss of her grandfather. One day Gunel's mother boarded a bus to visit her grandfather's grave. As she sat crying quietly, a woman sat down beside her. She comforted Gunel's mother by telling her that God is good, that Jesus will come again, and that there is hope for the future. The woman told her about a church she could visit to learn more about these things. Gunel's mother thanked the woman for her kind words.

A month later, Gunel's mother saw the woman on the bus again. The woman again encouraged her and gave her the address of the church. Gunel's mother was so moved by the experiences that she asked Gunel to go with her to visit the church on Saturday morning to see what it was like. The two women stood near the church, hesitant to go inside, for they had never been to a Christian church. A church greeter standing saw the two women and crossed the street to invite them in. Inside they were welcomed warmly with hugs and kisses.

After the service, Gunel's mother asked members about the woman she had met on the bus. She described her in detail, but no one recognized the woman from the description. The pastor, who knew all of the Adventists in the city, listened to the description and finally concluded that no such person attended the church. "I think you've met an angel," he told Gunel and her mother.

Gunel's mother continued attending the Adventist church. She studied the Bible diligently and was baptized. Later, Gunel and her brother and sister also were baptized. Now they hold a small group meeting in their home. Many of their friends abandoned them when they left their traditional religion, but they are firm in their faith. Gunel is studying to help Adventist World Radio produce radio programs in the Azeri language.

The family has never seen the woman on the bus again.

Your mission offerings support outreach to Azerbaijan and all of Central Asia through Adventist World Radio and personal evangelism. Thank you.

GUNEL (left). Benjamin D. Schoun is president of Adventist World Radio.
Produced by the General Conference Office of Mission Awareness.
email:   info@adventistmission.org   website:  www.adventistmission.org

Join the SSNET moderated email discussion group.  You are also warmly invited to join a group discussion of this lesson Sabbath morning with your local Seventh-day Adventist congregation.

Editorial Office: 12501 Old Columbia Pike, Silver Spring, MD 20904.

Principal Contributor:
 Reinder Bruinsma
Clifford R. Goldstein
Associate Editor:
Soraya Homayouni Parish
Publication Manager:
Lea Alexander Greve

Editorial Assistant:
Tresa Beard
Pacific Press Coordinator:
Paul A. Hey
Art and Design:
Lars Justinen

Copyright © 2009 General Conference of Seventh-day Adventist.  All Rights Reserved.

SSNET Web Site Home page
Directory of Sabbath School Bible Study materials
Archive of previous Adult Sabbath School Bible Study Guides
Prepared for the Internet by the SSNET Web Team.

Last updated January 23, 2009.