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Sabbath School Lesson Begins
The Book of Proverbs
Lesson 6 *January 31–February 6
Read for This Week’s Study: Proverbs 14:1-35; Dan. 7:25; Mark 12:30-31; Prov. 15:3; Isa. 5:20; Proverbs 15:1-33; Matt. 20:26–28.
There is a way that seems right to a man,
but its end is the way of death (Proverbs
As Paul had said:
through a glass, darkly (1 Cor.
13:12). We see so
little, and what we do see always comes filtered through our own minds.
Our eyes and ears — all our senses, actually — give us only a narrow view of what’s really out there.
We can be deceived, too, not only about the external world, but about ourselves as well. Our dreams, our views, and our opinions can give us very distorted images of what we are really like, and of all deceptions, that can be by far the worst.
What should we do then, to protect ourselves from these deceptions? Proverbs provides us with basic counsel. We should not trust ourselves, as the fool does. On the contrary, we should trust the Lord, who controls the course of events even when all seems to go wrong. In short, we need to live by faith and not merely by sight, because our sight can be exceedingly deceptive, showing only a small portion of what is real, and then even worse, distorting the little it does show us.
*Study this week’s lesson to prepare for Sabbath, February 7.
Read Proverbs 14:1-35. What does it say about the fool?
The fool speaks proudly (Prov. 14:3). The
first depiction of the fool deals with his
The image of the rod associated with the fool’s lips implies his
eventual punishment. His proud words have resulted in a blow on his
lips, an outcome that is seen in contrast with the lips of the wise,
which are preserved (see also Dan. 7:8).
The fool mocks wisdom (Prov. 14:6–9). Although the fool seems to seek wisdom, in fact he does not believe in it and is skeptical of it. He will not find it because, in his own mind, there is no wisdom apart from himself. Most frightful is his attitude toward violation of the law. What could be more deadly than mocking the idea of sin?
The fool is credulous (Prov. 14:15). Paradoxically,
while the fool makes fun of those idealists who still believe in the
values of wisdom, he has lost his ability to think critically about
what he hears; he believes
every word. The irony of
this situation strikes at the heart of secular society. Skeptical
people mock God and make fun of religion, claiming that these beliefs
are for children and old people, yet they themselves often believe in
some of the most foolish things, such as the creation of life on earth
by pure chance alone.
The fool is impulsive (Prov. 14:16, 29). Because the fool believes that he has the truth within himself, he does not take time to think. His reaction will be quick, dictated mostly by impulse.
The fool oppresses others (Prov. 14:21, 31). The mechanisms of oppression and intolerance are suggested in the psychology of the fool. He is intolerant of others and will treat them with contempt (see Dan. 7:25; 8:11-12).
It’s easy to see the traits of a fool in others, but what about in our own selves? Which, if any, of these character flaws might you need first to recognize, and then seek by God’s grace to overcome?
Read Proverbs 14:1-35 again. What does it say about the wise?
The wise speak humbly (Prov. 14:3). The wise restrain the use of their lips. Their silent reflection is motivated by a lack of arrogant self-assurance. The wise give consideration to the other person’s ideas; therefore, the wise will take time to think through and weigh the evidence. They are also silent because they are listening, ready to learn from others.
The wise value learning and knowledge (Prov. 14:6, 18). It is difficult for the fool to learn, because it is hard for him to sit at the feet of a teacher; in contrast, it is easy for the wise to learn because of their humility. They will thus enjoy the experience of learning and growing. It is also this search for wisdom, for knowledge that they do not have, which makes them wise.
The wise are cautious (Prov. 14:15). The wise know that sin and evil exist. Therefore they will be careful where they walk. They will not trust their feelings and personal opinions; they will check things out and ask for advice. Yet they will always be careful about what other people say to them; they will sort out the good from the bad (1 Thess. 5:21).
The wise are calm (Prov. 14:29, 33). The
wise can stay quiet because they do not rely on their
ways, but depend on
above (Prov. 14:14,
NKJV). It is their faith in God that allows them to relax
self-control (Isa. 30:15). It is the fear of God that gives them
confidence (Prov. 14:26).
The wise are compassionate and sensitive (Prov.
14:21, 31). The two commandments,
You shall love
the LORD your God and
You shall love your neighbor,
are linked (Mark 12:30-31, NKJV).
We can’t love God and at the same
time treat other people poorly. The greatest expression of our faith is
how we deal with others, especially those in need.
We do not realize how many of
us walk by sight and not by faith. We believe the things that are seen,
but do not appreciate the precious promises given us in His Word.
— Ellen G. White, Our High Calling,
p. 85. What does it mean to walk by
faith and not by sight? How are we supposed to do that?
The Eyes of the LORD
The eyes of the
LORD are in every place, keeping watch on the
evil and the good (Prov. 15:3, NKJV). How
does this text make you feel, and why?
In the next two chapters in Proverbs the tone changes. These chapters are more theological than the preceding ones. The Lord is referenced more often than in previous proverbs. We are also told something amazing about Him: that His eyes are in every place (Prov. 15:3).
This acute consciousness of the Lord’s presence is precisely
what the ancient Israelites called
the fear of the LORD.
The same association is found in the Psalms:
the eye of the
LORD is on those who fear Him (Ps.
33:18, NKJV). Likewise,
Job describes God as the One who looks to the ends of the earth and
sees all that happens under the heavens (Job
28:24). Because of this,
Job concludes that
the fear of the LORD . . . is wisdom
This proverb reminds us of God’s ability to see good and evil, no matter where they are. As Solomon understood (1 Kings 3:9), true wisdom is the ability to discern between good and evil. On a human level, this awareness should help us remember always to do good and never evil, for God sees all that we do, even if no one else does. We fool ourselves, thinking that because, for now, we get away with evil, that we really do get away with it. In the long run we never do.
Let us, therefore, be diligent for
there is no
creature hidden from His sight, but all things are naked and open to
the eyes of Him to whom we must give account (Heb. 4:13,
Read Proverbs 15:3, Isaiah 5:20, and
Hebrews 5:14. What crucial message do these verses have for us,
especially in an age when the very concepts of
good and evil
are often blurred, with people claiming that good and evil are relative
or just human ideas that have no objective existence apart from what we
say they are? What is so wrong with such a notion of good and evil, and
why is it so dangerous to hold?
Read Proverbs 15:1-33. Why is joy such an important human asset?
Scripture does not promise us a life without trials. As Jesus
Sufficient for the day is its own trouble
(Matt. 6:34, NKJV).
Proverbs 15:15 explains that amid evil days, the
one who maintains a merry heart will have a better time of it. Pain,
suffering, and trials will come, and often we can’t control when and
how. What we can control, at least to some degree, is how we choose to
Read Proverbs 15:14, 23. What is God’s part in this joy?
Although the biblical text does not explicitly mention the
reason for joy, the parallel thought between Proverbs 15:13-14 suggests
merry heart is
the heart of him
who has understanding (NKJV).
It is the heart of the one who
has faith and sees redemption beyond the immediate ordeal. This is why
faith in God is so important; this is why it’s so crucial that we know
for ourselves, from our own experience, the reality of God and His
love. Then, whatever trials come, whatever suffering we face, those
with understanding can endure, because they know for themselves God’s
Proverbs 15:23 brings us another important idea. Joy comes more from what we give than from what we receive. It is the good word shared with others that will bring joy to the giver. Who hasn’t experienced the blessings that come from blessing others, whether in word or in deed or both? As we have already seen in Proverbs, our words are powerful. They can do great good or great evil. And how much better it is when they do great good, not only for the one whom the good is done, but for the one who does it.
How well do you know, for yourself, God’s love? What are things you could do that could help open up your heart to this crucial truth? Consider how much better life would be if you knew the reality of God’s love.
We all dream and make plans, and yet things turn out differently, sometimes for the better, sometimes for the worse. The Bible acknowledges the value of human responsibility and freedom. Yet the Bible also affirms God’s control over the course of events (see Prov. 20:24, 21:31, and Daniel 2:1-49, 7:1-28).
What does Proverbs 16:1 say? How are we to understand this text?
We prepare and make plans, but the last word still belongs to God. This does not mean that our preparations are worthless. But in the life of faith, if we just submit our plans to God, He will work with them, and our plans will be directed (Prov. 16:9) and ultimately established by Him (Prov. 16:3). Even the work of our enemies will be used in our behalf (Prov. 16:4, 7).
Though these are not simple ideas to grasp, especially when we face difficult situations, they should give us comfort and help us learn to trust God, even when things seem to go terribly wrong, and when our plans don’t turn out as we had hoped. The key point for us is to learn to surrender all to God; if we do that, we can be sure of His guidance, even in the hardest times.
Read Proverbs 16:18-19. What is the place of ambition in human success?
As always, the Bible warns against pride. After all, as fallen beings, what do we have to be proud of? What vice is more contrary to God than pride, the original sin? (See Ezek. 28:17.) Jesus emphatically taught about the iniquity of seeking to be great, and He urged His disciples to seek humility instead (Matt. 20:26–28).
Read Proverbs 16:33. What is the place of chance in human success?
The Bible does not make room for chance. For even when one thinks that the course of events is dictated by chance, we can trust that God is still in control.
As we seek to understand why things happen, how does the reality of the great controversy help us work through some difficult issues regarding why things happen as they do?
From the beginning Satan has portrayed to
men the gains to be won by transgression. Thus he seduced angels. Thus
he tempted Adam and Eve to sin. And thus he is still leading multitudes
away from obedience to God. The path of transgression is made to appear
— Ellen G. White, Patriarchs
and Prophets, p. 720.
but the end thereof are the ways of death.
Proverbs 14:12. Happy [are] they who, having ventured in this way,
learn how bitter are the fruits of sin, and turn from it betimes.
Nothing tends more to promote health of body and of
does a spirit of gratitude and praise. It is a positive duty to resist
melancholy, discontented thoughts and feelings — as much a duty as it
is to pray. If we are heaven-bound, how can we go as a band of
mourners, groaning and complaining all along the way to our Father’s
house? Those professed Christians who are constantly complaining, and
who seem to think cheerfulness and happiness a sin, have not genuine
religion. — Ellen G. White, The Ministry of
When Paul and Christie Brown moved into a less than desirable neighborhood in Elkins, West Virginia, they didn’t know that their home would become a magnet for young people.
I’ve always been youth focused, says Paul,
when the neighborhood kids wanted to hang out with our kids at the
house, we said,
OK, but there are rules:
Once the young people understood about clean and unclean
foods, they tried sharing what they had learned with their families.
grandfather would be cooking a groundhog, says Paul,
the kids would tell him,
No! We’re not going to eat that!
Before long, the visitors were asking to move in with the
spends every weekend at our house, says Paul.
his Sabbath retreat, and gets him away from his house. During
the week Brayden tries to avoid his abusive alcoholic step-father as
much as possible.
Hunter and Wyatt are two others who spend more time with the Browns than at home. Both coming from difficult situations, the boys feel safe with Paul and Cindy, whom they consider to be their surrogate parents.
I try to treat all the kids as if they’re my kids,
because they deserve a chance, too. That
includes providing clothing, bicycles, and various other items.
the vehicle I drive–an extended cab truck–is based on how many kids
we’re looking after, so we can take them to and from school.
With parental permission, the Browns have taken Brayden and Hunter with them to Pathfinders and to church, and are even paying for them to attend the local Adventist church school. Unfortunately, Wyatt’s mother will not give permission for him to join in these activities, but for Brayden and Hunter, their experience has been life changing. On November 2, 2013, both boys, along with the Browns’ son, Payton, were baptized at the Elkins Seventh-day Adventist Church.
We’ve been living here for three years now,
and my wife really feels that the Lord put us in
this neighborhood. It’s not where we would have chosen, but we are sure
that the Lord led us here.
Sabbath School Lesson Copyright 2014
by the General Conference
of Seventh-day Adventists.
All Rights Reserved. No part of the Adult Sabbath School Bible Study Guide may be edited, altered, modified, adapted, translated, reproduced, or published by any person or entity without prior written authorization from the General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists.
Sabbath School Lesson Ends
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