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Galatians | Romans | Apostolic Church | Modern Takes | Bible Interpretation

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The Book of Romans

The Adult Bible Study Guide for the fourth quarter of 2017 is focused on the Book of Romans. (Also see other previous studies all the way back to the 1800’s.)

You may download the full lesson quarterly from Amazon in Kindle format. Just for interest’s sake, you might want to compare the current lessons to earlier ones in the 1900’s.

The companion book for the lesson by George R. Knight, Romans: Salvation for All  (Bible Bookshelf Seriesseems to be only available in paperback at this time. If you see it in Kindle format, please let us know in a comment on t his page. 

Resources Referenced by the Lesson Author

The classic Martin Luther’s Commentary on Romans is most frequently referenced by the lesson author. (You’ll find several versions of the Commentary at this link.) And we can read for ourselves just what lay at the root of the Protestant Reformation that pulled the Western world out of the Dark Ages. (Hint: Read the comments by other customers to find the best edition.) The Mueller translation referenced by the author (see at right) doesn’t seem to be available in Kindle format. But if you’ll just add a few more items to your order, shipping is free. 

Handbook of Seventh-day Adventist Theology, Commentary Reference Series, Volume 12. Ed. Raoul Dederen. Published in 2000, it is rare, and it is difficult to find a copy for less than $US 80.00. (Best price on Amazon.) But you can read it for free online with a membership at

A Modest Proposal and Other Satires, by Jonathan Swift.

General Resources for Apostolic Church

Helpful Ellen White Books Referenced

Note: You can read all of these for free at You can also get the same content as an Android or iPhone app. We use the site and app all the time for reference. But we do have the real paper books as well, and they are well marked. However, now that our eye sight is not as good as it used to be, we have learned to appreciate the Kindle versions which we can read on our phone or tablet – even in bed. 🙂 The free Kindle app or a regular tablet or Kindle Reader will keep your place in multiple books, so you can actually read them through, even if you read several books at more or less the same time, as I generally do. You can generally find both the Kindle and paper versions at the links below:

For any studies of the apostolic church, Ellen G. White’s classic,

Acts of the Apostles provides valuable context as well as specific insight. It is the most frequently referenced and most helpful Ellen White book for the fourth quarter of 2017. This may be a good time to read the whole book through and to be inspired with what God can do with a small group of dedicated followers. (You’ll find lots of options at Amazon.)

Unlikely Leaders - modern-language version of Acts of the Apostles.

If you have previously read the original Acts of the Apostles you may enjoy the freshness of the modern language version, Unlikely Leaders. And if English is not your first language, you will definitely find this less challenging, because it uses modern vocabulary. It is a somewhat shortened version, due to some of the Bible references being left out. If you want lots of Bible texts to corroborate what Ellen White wrote, be sure to get the original version of Acts of the Apostles. And remember that the best version of any good book is the version you’ll actually read and enjoy.   

Patriarchs and Prophets The story of beginnings – from the entrance of sin in heaven to the end of the patriarchal age. If you haven’t read this before, we recommend you do, and you’ll find a richness added to your Bible reading that you didn’t experience before. For a fresh, easier-to-read version, we suggest The Beginning of the End. It’s a bit shorter and uses updated language, making it easier to read.

Humble Hero Desire of Ages in modern English.Desire of Ages, probably the most widely read and translated biography of Christ. If you’ve read it before, you know it helps to bring the story of Christ to life, and it speaks to the heart. (Many options at Amazon.) Whether or not English is your second language, you may want to take a look at the adapted version, Humble Hero. Published in fresh, modern language, it is easier to read and often gives fresh insights. Having read the original version a number of times, I enjoy this adaptation and find it true to the original. 

Advent Review and Sabbath Herald, Sep 3, 1889. Click on the link to read a scanned version of the original magazine. You may find yourself distracted by a lot of interesting little historical details that help provide atmosphere for the original articles. 

Christ’s Object Lessons. If you’ve read this classic commentary on the parables of Christ, you already love it as we do. If not, a real spiritual feast awaits you. The link will lead you to several Kindle and paper versions, including some with lots of illustration, others as collections with Steps to Christ and Thoughts from the Mount of Blessings. 

Education This book is so outstanding on the subject of a real education that it was plagiarized by a minister of education in one of the eastern bloc countries and published there many decades ago. I studied it as a text book in a “Philosophy of Education” class in college, and there is none better. Some of the passages I memorized still ring in my mind, such as this from the very first chapter: “True education … is the harmonious development of the physical, the mental, and the spiritual powers. It prepares the student for the joy of service in this world and for the higher joy of wider service in the world to come.” (Okay, I confess I just looked it up in my app to get it right. The paper book is on the shelf, with this passages, as well as many others, highlighted.)

Evangelism. I confess I don’t usually like compilations of Ellen White quotes, but this one is an exception. It is a practical guide to how to share the “Good News,” particularly aimed at evangelists, but also useful in local churches and for private study. 

Faith and Works. A compilation, with good things in it, including some great statements on the relation of faith to works, but a bit heavy on the “works” end. Like I said, I don’t like compilations much because it’s too easy to skew the author’s intent into what the editor would like to say. If you haven’t read the whole Conflict of the Ages, Steps to Christ, Christ’s Object Lessons, Ministry of Healing and Thoughts from the Mount of Blessings, read them first before this one – just so you know what the balance should be. 

Ministry of Healing. Lots of options for this book, which is one of the books centered on the life of Christ – this one being on His healing ministry and its application to healers in today’s world. It’s also part of the Timeless Collection, which is a real bargain with the full text of 5 related books. When introducing folks to Ellen White, these are the books I recommend first along with the Conflict of the Ages series. 

SDA Bible Commentary, Vol. 6. You could pick up the whole book (or the full set, for that matter) at the link I provided, but, realistically, the author refers only to the Ellen White Comments, and you can pick those up for less than US$1.00. (Alternately, you can pick up the EGW app or go to It’s not the kind of book to read from beginning to end, like the others recommended here. 

The SDA Encyclopedia. Good price for the SDA Encyclopedia on Amazon. That said, I don’t think we got that much worth out of ours. I wouldn’t buy it again, but if you’re a bibliophile, you might. 😉

Selected Messages, Book 1This is a great little compilation, first published 1958. (At least that’s the date on ours.) I think the editor of this one got the balance just right. This compilation is Christ-centered. 

Steps to Christ. My genuine leather-bound copy (mine is black) has been read and underlined again and again – as was the bright red pocket hardback copy before it. And now I’m high-lighting my Kindle version. It never gets old but refreshes again and again. If you don’t own this book, you need to get it and read it for yourself – not just online. (Best to get one you can put in your pocket, purse or backpack.) I remember when we gave this book to a Christian woman of another denomination who had never heard of Ellen White. She read it and loved it so much that she exclaimed, “This woman must have been inspired!” (You think?) The lesson author references this book once this quarter, I believe. 

Testimonies for the Church, Vol. 1.,  begins with a biographical sketch and Ellen White’s first vision in 1844 and covers written testimonies from the year 1855 to 1868.

Read the Testimonies after you’ve read the Conflict of the Ages and  the Timeless Collectionremembering that these volumes are collections of individual testimonies given to specific people at a specific time and place. They may or may not apply to you and me in the same way. (For instance, to “eat less” applies to many, but others should “eat more.”) They are interesting for historical reasons, and they contain many gems of truth that are timeless. After reading the Conflict of the Ages and  the Timeless Collection, reading the series of Testimonies, one after the other can be a great historical/spiritual journey. It is important for understanding the history of our church. 

Testimonies for the Church, Vol 2 contains testimonies written to individuals and the church at large in the years 1868 to 1871.

Testimonies for the Church, Vol. 3 includes testimonies written in the years 1876 to 1881.

Testimonies for the Church, Vol 5 includes testimonies written in the years 1882 to 1889.

Testimonies to Ministers and Gospel Workers A compilation of testimonies specifically aimed at ministers and other gospel workers. This links to a nice edition of this volume. 

Thoughts from the Mount of Blessings. Along with Steps to Christ, this is one of my most re-read books. The very first paragraphs transport the reader to a mountainside in Judea where Christ is sharing the principles of His Kingdom – the Kingdom that He taught us to ask for in prayer: “Thy Kingdom come on earth, as it is in heaven.” He taught how to live in His Kingdom here, and I remember one of my favorite passages that is so true: “Human nature is ever struggling for expression, read for contesst; but he who learns of Christ is emptied of self, of pride, of love of supremacy, and there is silence in the soul. … It is the love of self that destroys our peace. While self is all alive, we stand ready continually to guard it from mortification and insult; but when we are dead, and our life is hid with Christ in God, we shall not take neglects or slights to heart. We shall be deaf to reproach and blind to scorn and insult.” (pp. 15 – 16) “Silence in the soul.” Can you hear it?

Bible Translations & Interpretation



In the Bible Versions section of the quarterly, there’s a reference to the CJB Bible /Complete Jewish Bible by David H. Stern. Copyright© 1998. For those of us interested in different Bible versions, this could prove interesting. Most of us may not want to buy the leather-bound Complete Jewish Bible, but the Kindle version is considerably more affordable. The Old Testament presents the books in the Hebrew order of the Jewish Tanakh. It may help to clarify misunderstandings by recognizing Jewish historical and cultural backgrounds. It also includes a Jewish New Testament. The Messianic Jewish Net also offers this Bible version in a “Study Bible” format which is particularly designed to illuminate the Jewish background of the text. 

And that reminds me of a fascinating book I have been reading: Misreading Scripture with Western Eyes: Removing Cultural Blinders to Better Understand the Bible, by co-authors Randolph Richards  (and Brandon J. O’Brien. It is full of surprising insights that demonstrate that there is much we are missing in the Bible because of our “Western eyes.” (For instance, the authors suggest that it is more likely that Jesus was born in a poor peasant home which included shelter for animals than in a bar.) These insights are likely to help in understanding Paul as well. 

Out of Darkness, LIGHT! by Richard A. Swaney is a paraphrase of the book of Romans in modern English. Read Paul’s letter the way he would have written it today! 
You can get a feel for the paraphrase by checking out the preview on Amazon, but you can’t lose much with the Kindle version being priced at less than a dollar. 

If you’re not familiar with the New Living Translation (NLT) of the Bible, we invite you to check it out. We have the NLT Chronological Life Applications Study Bible  in Duotone Imitation Leather (very nice, but ours is brown and tan), and to read it through together, we also got the Kindle version (much less expensive). The Kindle version works very well on a tablet, but is also okay on Samsung Note 4 phone. We’ve read it through once as a family and found that it is remarkably accurate, even though we disagree with a few translated phrases. But then the KJV isn’t error-free either. See more details on our New Living Translation of the Bible page.

I have to chuckle when some saintly old folks in my Sabbath School class apologize for “only” having a “new version” of the Bible when asked to read some texts aloud. Often the fresh, modern translation can help us see new things in familiar texts. 

Now For Some Modern Applications of Romans

In I Used to be Perfect: A Study of Sin and Salvation George R. Knight tackles the issue of “sin” head-on, doing his best to get the reader to think beyond the pat answer of “transgression of the law.” I think it should be a must-read for every Seventh-day Adventist. Written in engaging and readable, if provocative, way, Knight weaves his own struggle with legalism and perfectionism into his teaching. His self-deprecating sense of humor made me smile many times. He clearly demonstrates Paul’s teaching of being saved by grace through faith, and that makes this a very helpful book for understanding Romans and Galatians.

Understanding Paul’s teaching brought light and freedom to Martin Luther and George Knight, and if you’re struggling to be perfect to be saved, the understanding clearly laid out in this book will bring light and freedom to you too. Highly recommended. We’ve linked to the second edition, which includes study questions at the end of each chapter. (In the preview on Amazon, you’l see that the title of the first chapter is “SIN Is Love” and the first sentence, “Eating cheese is not sin.” That’s what I call provocative. But read on to follow his reasoning. For instance, are you clear on the difference between SIN and “sins”?)

I Used to Be Perfect encapsulates much of George R. Knight’s teaching that you’ll also find in other, more formal books, such as Sin and Salvation: God’s Work for Us and In Us, replete with end notes, Scripture index and index of names and topics. Knight explores justification, sanctification, perfection, sinlessness and how they are related to each other. .Converted from agnosticism to Christianity more than 40 years ago, Knight long wrestled with what it means to be saved, what God can do for us and in us. This book in many ways is the result of that personal search. It is also helpful in understanding how to interpret the biblical text.  (If you’re a scholar, this one’s for you. Only available in hardcover.)

I am Persuaded. Fred Kinsey says, “Before Romans I had a wonderful sense of right and wrong, of dos and don’ts. But I never experienced any of the joy or hope that a Christian ought to have. Before Romans I might have looked good on the outside, but inside I knew I was lost. Then I read the book of Romans, and a flood of light poured into my life.”

A practical application of the book of Romans in a great little book. 


Most of the resources below are available in electronic format, readable with a Kindle reader. If you don’t have a genuine Kindle reader, you can download the free reader for the PC, or the FREE app for almost any mobile devices
OR You get your own Kindle reader here starting at US$ 79.99. If your eyes are not as good as they used to be, you’ll love the adjustable/larger print, and if you like reading in bed, you’ll find a Kindle reader easier to manage than a paper book. 

Previous Studies in the Book of Romans

In the third quarter of 2010, we had a series of studies on Redemption in Romans similar to the first quarter of 1980. (The titles in those two sets of lessons are very similar, but we haven’t checked whether the content is identical. If you check, please lest us know in a comment.)

In the fourth quarter of 1990 our quarterly studies were under the title of The Letter to the Romans (PDF file). And the lessons for the first quarter of 1959 were just entitled, Romans. Likewise for the fourth quarter of 1913 and the  first quarter and second quarter of 1914 (That was 39 lessons on the Book of Romans!), the fourth quarter of 1930 and the second quarter of 1931

Letter to the Galatians (2017c)

The Adult Bible Study Guide for the fourth quarter of 2011 and the third quarter of 2017 was focused on The Gospel in Galatians, by Carl P. Cosaert. Same study guide, different cover. You may download the full lesson 2017 quarterly from Amazon in Kindle format. (If you don’t have a Kindle, you can download the free reader for the PC, or the FREE app for mobile devices by clicking on this link.)

Studying Paul’s letter to the Galatians once more is a good thing because there’s always more to learn, and the lessons in Ephesians are especially important for our time. Really delving into God’s Word is always new and interesting. And if you will avail yourself of the historical and experiential insight of George Knight in Gospels in Conflict, I guarantee you will not be bored and will learn a thing or two. I (Inge Anderson) am enjoying the book myself, and it has proved valuable in preparing for teaching. I invite you to do the same. You can read the book on whatever device you are using to read this (just download the reader). I enjoy keeping books on my smart phone, because that way I can use spare minutes to good advantage. 

Ellen White Notes on The Gospel In Galatian, by Pacific Press. (Amazon Canada link | Amazon Great Britain link. Quotations specifically chosen to accompany the Adult Bible Study Guide on The Gospel in Galatians.

You may want to compare Carl Cosaert’s Galatians: A Fiery Response to a Struggling Church with George Knight’s Gospels in Conflict. Cosaert’s book is currently bargain-priced at


“Feed My Sheep” First and Second Peter – 2017b Resources:

(Most of the resources below are available in Kindle format. You can read these ebooks on your PC, iPad, Android phone or iPhone after downloading the free Kindle Reader: Download the Kindle reader for the PC, or the FREE app for mobile devices.)

You may download the full lesson quarterly from Amazon in Kindle format and read it in your free app. (Canadian Link, UK Link) This will look very much like the paper version, but without some of the ads. As is usual for Kindle books, you can highlight passages with different colors, and you can make notes right on your pad or phone. Your notes will be kept in a “Notebook” attached to the book. But the Bible texts are not linked the way they are in the web version. (It is useful to keep a Bible app open in another window.) You can also highlight and copy passages or even whole lessons into another app or email from your phone, but not from your desktop computer.

You can purchase companion book for the lesson by Robert McIver, First and Second Peter (Bible Bookshelf Series) in paperback format or download the Kindle version. (Canadian link, UK link) Again you can highlight, make notes, copy short clips and paste to Facebook, email, or whatever. (This doesn’t seem to work on the desktop app, but only on the mobile Kindle app.) Robert McIver has this to say about the book: “This book starts with a careful examination of the text of 1 and 2 Peter and then teases out the implications that the words of Peter have for the everyday life of a Christian. It has many of the characteristics of a commentary. For example, it considers the historical, social, and literary background of the passages under consideration, and it comments on the meaning of many of the key words and other features of the Greek text of the epistles. From time to time it does what Peter himself does in his letters by considering the practical application of the theology expressed to the everyday life of Christians.”

Robert McIver has this to say about the companion book, First and Second Peter: “This book starts with a careful examination of the text of 1 and 2 Peter and then teases out the implications that the words of Peter have for the everyday life of a Christian. It has many of the characteristics of a commentary. For example, it considers the historical, social, and literary background of the passages under consideration, and it comments on the meaning of many of the key words and other features of the Greek text of the epistles. From time to time it does what Peter himself does in his letters by considering the practical application of the theology expressed to the everyday life of Christians.”

Ellen White Notes on 1 and 2 Peter Ellen White Notes 2017b, Pacific Press version are available in Kindle format. No author or editor named. Relevant passages are supplied for each day’s lesson, mainly from commonly known books, such as Desire of Ages, Christ’s Object Lessons, Acts of the Apostles, In Heavenly Places, etc. (You can download many of these for pennies or for free. Also available in audio versions. Click on the links above. )

1 & 2 Peter EGW Comments. Ed. J. L. MalmedeVanAllenSabbath School Lesson Comments by Ellen White (Amazon link) This is an alternate set of Ellen White comments on the 1 & 2 Peter lessons, edited by J. L. MalmedeVanAllen.  In this version of Ellen White comments, each day’s lesson begins with the main text from the actual Adult Bible Study Guide, followed by quotations from more obscure sources, such as original manuscripts, original periodicals, etc. The quotations are slightly longer than those in the Pacific Press version.

SDABC, Vol. 7, Ellen White Comments S.D.A. Bible Commentary Volume 7, 1957 Ed. (Ellen G. White Comments Only) Kindle Edition This digital version covers the Ellen G. White comments on the books of Philippians, Colossians, 1 & 2 Thessalonians, 1 & 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon, Hebrews, James, 1 & 2 Peter, 1, 2 & 3 John, Jude and Revelation.Journey through the bible from Matthew to Revelation, by Ken Wade

Journey Through the Bible from Matthew to Revelation, by Ken Wade. The third in Ken Wade’s Journey Through the Bible series includes 1 & 2 Peter. Wade approaches the text from a practical Christian perspective. Only available in Kindle format.

Martin Luther’s Commentary on Peter and Jude(Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1982) as mentioned in the Introduction to the 2017b quarter. This is only available in hardback format.

Desire of Ages in Paperback or Kindle format.

Humble Hero Desire of Ages in modern English.

Modern language version of Desire of Ages in Paperback or Kindle format.

Since Peter was one of the best-known disciples of Jesus you will find many vignettes of Peter in Desire of Ages, by Ellen White, which focuses on the life of Christ. If you haven’t read this book recently, this is a good time to do so. And if you’d like a fresh reading of this book, consider getting the ebook or paperback version of Humble Hero in modern English. (Also excellent for young people and for anyone whose first language is not English. Note that the modern-language version is lightly abbreviated and does not include as many Bible texts to make for smoother reading. See Review.)

Acts of the Apostles in Paperback or Kindle format.

Unlikely Leaders - modern-language version of Acts of the Apostles.

Modern-language version of Acts of the Apostles

Acts of the Apostles, by Ellen White, tells the riveting story of the early Christian Church, and Peter played a prominent part. So this is an excellent resource on the Apostle Peter. Read it again, or read it for the first time. If you’ve read it before, you can gain fresh insight from the modern-language version, Unlikely Leaders in paperback or Kindle format. The modern-language editions read more smoothly for modern readers, with current language, shorter sentences and some abbreviation, such as leaving out some Bible texts. It is perfect for young people and anyone whose first language is not English.

Expositor’s Bible Commentary, including 1 & 2 Peter, Kindle format

This volume of the revised edition of the classic The Expositor’s Bible Commentary which includes 1 & 2 Peter and is available in convenient (and less expensive) Kindle format. Includes Comprehensive introductions • Short bibliographies • Detailed outlines • Insightful expositions of passages and verses • Overviews of sections of Scripture to illuminate the big picture • Occasional reflections to give more detail on important issues • Notes on textual questions and special problems, placed close to the texts in question • Transliterations and translations of Hebrew and Greek words, enabling readers to understand even the more technical notes • A balanced and respectful approach toward marked differences of opinion
(Note, however, that this is not a Seventh-day Adventist commentary.0

Resources on the Holy Spirit and Spirituality (2017a)


Page prepared by Inge Anderson, publisher of Sabbath School Net

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