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Sabbath School Lesson Begins
The Book of Proverbs
Lesson 11 *March 7–13
Read for This Week’s Study: Prov. 28:4, 7, 9; Rom. 1:16-17; Gal. 3:24; Prov. 28:5; 1 John 2:15–17; Prov. 29:13.
The fear of man brings a snare, but
whoever trusts in the LORD shall be safe (Proverbs 29:25,
So many voices call to us from so many directions. How do people know what is right and what is wrong? The answer is found in God and His written revelation. We must learn to rely on God and to obey His Law. The rest then will follow by itself.
Jesus told us this when He said to
seek first the
kingdom of God, and then all that we need will be supplied
(Matt. 6:33, NKJV). We are
to make trusting and following God our first
priority; otherwise, we will make something else that priority, which
is idolatry, pure and simple. And we can learn to trust God only by
living a life of faith. The Christian walk is just that, a
walk; we have to make the choices to do the things that the
Lord has told us to do, and then leave the consequences to Him.
*Study this week’s lesson to prepare for Sabbath, March 14.
Out of 13 occurrences of the word Torah —
teaching — in the book of Proverbs, four are in
Proverbs 28 (Prov. 28:4 [twice],
Prov. 28:7, 9).
Although this use in Proverbs
applies normally to the
teaching of the wise man
(Prov. 13:14), in the
Israelite tradition the word has a spiritual
connotation and refers to divine revelation, as attested in the book of
Proverbs itself (Prov. 29:18).
Read Proverbs 28:4, 7, and 9. What do these verses tell us about the importance of the law in how we live?
What made the people of Israel different from other nations
was not so much their way of thinking, or even their
and abstract theological views. It was their concrete choices in life
about, among other things, food, rest, the natural environment, and
their relationships with neighbors and family that made them
set apart from all the other nations. And
ideally, those choices were to center on the law and the principles
found in it.
After all, we humans cannot be wise by ourselves; we can’t always even distinguish between good and evil (1 Kings 3:9). So, we need the divine law to help us acquire discernment. In other words, the acquisition of wisdom does not depend on intellectual or spiritual exercises; it is essentially related to obedience to a law that lies outside ourselves, our culture, our personal psychology, and our desires.
This law is, of course, God’s eternal law. And to follow that
law is indeed an act of faith.
For I am not ashamed of the
gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every
one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek. For
therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it
is written, The just shall live by faith (Rom. 1:16-17).
What troubles and problems have you been spared because you have made a commitment by faith to keep God’s law? How different would your life be were you not keeping it?
No matter how crucial it is to a life of faith, the Law (the Torah) is not itself the source of life. On the contrary, the law points out sin, and sin leads to death (see Rom. 7:7–13). Instead, what makes the Torah effective is that it comes from God. Apart from God, the Torah would be a legalistic creed that has nothing to do with His original intention. A life of obedience to the law of God is related to a life with God. The Torah does not replace God; it is just a teacher that (according to Paul’s analogy) leads the students to their master (Gal. 3:24).
Galatians 3:24 in context. How does the law point us to Jesus, so that
we can indeed be
justified by faith?
The book of Proverbs is not just a book of wisdom; it is first of all a book about the God who has revealed wisdom. Seeking wisdom by obeying the law will draw us nearer to the Lord and to the salvation He freely offers us by faith in Jesus.
Proverbs 28:5. What is the key for us to
understand is used twice in verse 5, just as the word
law is in verse
4. The two
verses are related: keeping the law (vs. 4) and seeking the Lord (vs. 5)
belong together. The scope of this activity, however, is not just
knowing and doing what is right (
justice [vs. 5,
NKJV]). This understanding concerns
because it derives from the God of
all. For ancient
Israel, knowledge of all things was not separated from religious
experience. Faith was closely tied to intelligence and rational
understanding. It was inconceivable to have faith without thinking or
thinking without faith, because God was the foundation of both domains.
Why is faith in God such a rational position to hold? Why is it more illogical and irrational to reject God than to believe in Him?
Read 1 John 2:15–17. What are we being warned against here, and how can we protect ourselves from the danger these verses talk about?
Though the idea of what it means to be
varies greatly, the book of Proverbs comes with some instructions on
how to get
rich and then how to deal with your
once you get them.
1. Do not get rich at the expense of the poor (Prov. 28:8). Your wealth is not justified if you obtain it at the expense of the poor. As we have already seen, the Bible speaks very strongly against those who exploit the poor for their own gain.
2. Give to the poor
(Prov. 28:27). In contrast to the
of Proverbs 28:25 (NIV,
broad of soul/appetite),
the person who is generous to the poor will be blessed.
3. Work hard (Prov. 28:19). Wealth should not come as the result of stealing or by chance, but as a reward for our hard work. What is obtained depends on the quality of our labor. If we are rich, we should deserve it.
4. Do not try to get rich fast (Prov. 28:20, 22).
Our proverbs present two potential scenarios: (1) when we
close an eye to some dishonest action and, as a result, become
complicit in that action (Prov. 28:22);
(2) when we are so eager to
enjoy the wealth of our parents that we rob them of what they need to
live now (Prov. 28:24).
Even worse, those who do those things can
justify the wrong deeds in their own minds until they convince
themselves that they have done nothing wrong. Therefore, they say,
is no transgression (NKJV).
Money is a very powerful force in this
world, which is why the Bible talks a lot about it. If, like pretty
much everyone else, you desire money, how can you make sure that you
are not falling into the trap of what Jesus called
deceitfulness of riches (Mark
Read Proverbs 29:13. What is being discussed here?
The poor and the rich are equal (Prov. 29:13, NKJV). The image of light used in this proverb places this issue in perspective of Creation. Both the rich and the poor have been created by God (Prov. 22:2). They both enjoy the gift of life, and the sun shines upon both. Just as the rich have been warned about how they treat the poor, the poor are to love even their oppressors, which could in some cases be the rich (Matt. 5:44-45).
What is the message of Proverbs 28:3?
The poor have the same duties as the rich (Prov. 28:3). Poverty should not be an excuse for iniquity. The fact that you may have been oppressed does not give you license to oppress others. Jesus’ parable of the unforgiving servant who oppresses the one poorer than himself shows that this reaction, although unexpected on the part of the poor (whom one might think would be more sympathetic to other poor people), is not unusual (Matt. 18:22–35). In Proverbs 28:3, the image of the rain, which usually is a blessing, turns out to be a destructive torrent; this imagery illustrates the abnormality of that behavior and the disappointment it brings.
What is the message of Proverbs 28:6?
The righteous poor are better than the wicked rich (Prov. 28:6). According to traditional wisdom, the righteous person is not supposed to be poor, for poverty is supposedly the just punishment for the lazy (Prov. 24:34). Yet, the reality of life is more complex. The poor may be the victims of injustice or of circumstances beyond their control. This can often be the case. Nevertheless, the scale of values defended by the book of Proverbs is clear and unambiguous. Righteousness is more important than riches, and success is not a foolproof indicator of righteousness.
What can we do when tempted to compromise our values for material gain? How can we protect ourselves from doing something like this, which is easier to do than we realize?
Of all the things we could teach our children, our students,
or anyone who is open to learning from us, perhaps the most important
lesson can be found here, as Paul, who is writing about the lost, says
they received not the love of the truth (2
Thess. 2:10). Of course, because Jesus is the Truth,
teaching others to
love truth is teaching them to love Jesus, and what else really matters?
Whatever line of investigation we pursue, with a
purpose to arrive at truth, we are brought in touch with the unseen,
mighty Intelligence that is working in and through all. The mind of man
is brought into communion with the mind of God, the finite with the
Infinite. The effect of such communion on body and mind and soul is
beyond estimate. — Ellen G. White, Education,
Read Proverbs 29:15 (see also Prov. 29:19). What important principle is seen here, not just in education but in life in general?
Though our example is important — especially with those whom we can’t reprove or punish — in some cases more is needed. This is especially true with our children. At times children need to be punished in order to be brought into line.
Our natures are all fallen and corrupt, and this includes even
those adorable little beings whom we love, our children. We don’t do
our children or ourselves any favors by letting them do whatever they
want. Children, in fact, not only need discipline — they want it. They
need to know that boundaries exist, and that they need to stay within
them. A mother who believes that she has to respect her children’s
freedom and lets them do whatever they want without ever saying
to them, will ultimately bring
shame (Prov. 29:15)
to herself and, no doubt, sorrow to the children — if not now, then
certainly when the children become adults.
What are some of the lessons you learned as a child that have stuck with you as an adult? How has that knowledge helped make your life better now?
The laws of God have their foundation in
the most immutable rectitude, and are so framed that they will promote
the happiness of those who keep them. . . . Religion brings man into
personal relation with God, but not exclusively; for the principles of
heaven are to be lived out, that they may help and bless humanity.
— Ellen G. White, Sons and Daughters of God, p. 267.
The utter neglect of training children for God has
evil and thrown into the ranks of the enemy many who with judicious
care might have been co-laborers with Christ. False ideas and a
foolish, misdirected affection have nurtured traits which have made the
children unlovely and unhappy, have embittered the lives of the
parents, and have extended their baleful influence from generation to
generation. Any child that is permitted to have his own way will
dishonor God and bring his father and mother to shame. . . . By
neglecting their duty and indulging their children in wrong, parents
close to them the gates of the city of God. — Ellen G. White,
Testimonies for the Church, vol. 5, pp. 325, 326.
Miranda Starr, principal and teacher at Parkersburg Academy in West Virginia, wanted to do an experiment with her first and second grade students.
In Bible class, we were studying about kindness, and
how it is contagious, she says.
We wanted to see if
it really works.
Then Miranda had an idea–why not go to Eagle Pointe, a local
nursing home, where the students could practice their reading skills
and make friends with the residents?
This was something I had
always wanted to do, she admits.
We like to sing,
but [I wondered] what else could we do for them, to make relationships?
The idea was a hit, and by January the students were reading well enough to read on their own.
We go to Eagle Pointe every other Friday,
explains eight-year-old Ben.
We sing to the whole group, and
we read to our partners.
It wasn’t hard to pick our partners, chimes
in Reagan, 7.
We saw them, looked at their faces, and then
chose one because we liked them!
The students also get to choose the book or books that they want to read to their partner, and are welcome to exchange books with other students if they finish their own.
As the students read, they are also developing friendships.
partner’s name is Miss Jane, says Sophia, 6.
reading about animal tracks, and I read about a red fox. She told me
that she once had a red fox as a pet!
The residents clearly enjoy the visits and comment on what
good readers the students are.
I like seeing my partner smile,
The students in grades 3 to 8 also participate.
really like going there, says Ryleigh, 9.
one man I read to–Mark. He’s always happy to see me, and says,
loves you. I really like him and wish we could go more often.
In appreciation of the students’ visits, Eagle Pointe held a
banquet in their honor, and presented Miranda Starr with an award
Junior Volunteers of the Year–Parkersburg Academy.
You’ve warmed the hearts of many by the caring that you show.
Volunteers are Shining Stars.
Reflecting on their
Miranda knows it was a success.
Kindness did come back. We
tried to give them joy, but they gave more to us.
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Sabbath School Lesson Ends
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