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Thursday: Daniel 8 and 9 — 3 Comments

  1. In the Thursday's lesson of Lesson 10, where in the Bible does it show that King Artaxerxes actually issues the decree to actually rebuild the temple? It seems more like King Cyrus did that, and the decree was supported/enforced by King Darius. Ezra 6:3-5, Ezra 6:8

    In Ezra Chapter 7, it shows that during King Artaxerxes reign, Ezra comes to Jerusalem; he had devoted himself to the study of the Law of the Lord, and to teaching its decrees and laws in Israel. Ezra 7:10

    • Nancy, the decree is two-fold in Daniel 9:25,and only the 3rd decree of Ezra 7, given by Artaxerexes fulfills those requirements of both rebuilding and restoring. This 3rd decree restored full autonomy to Israel, which the two previous decrees did not do.

      Some will point to the "decree" of Nehemiah as the proper decree, but it was not a decree at all, only permission for Nehemiah to take a leave of absence to fulfill the decree given 13 years previously to "restore and rebuild".

    • Daniel 9:25 tells us the starting point is " the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem". It's true the temple was being rebuilt before 475 BC, and people were rebuilding their homes, etc.

      However, Jerusalem had no authority of it's own. It didn't have authority as a "capital" but was merely a group of Jewish people dwelling there.

      In the decree found in Ezra 7:25-26 we read
      "And thou, Ezra, after the wisdom of thy God, that [is] in thine hand, set magistrates and judges, which may judge all the people that [are] beyond the river, all such as know the laws of thy God; and teach ye them that know [them] not.
      26 And whosoever will not do the law of thy God, and the law of the king, let judgment be executed speedily upon him,"

      So what we see here is the establishment of Jerusalem as the capital of the Jewish people who lived "beyond the river", with political authority to command and carry out justice.
      Thus Jerusalem is legally restored in 475 BC, by decree, with full permission to continue rebuilding.


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