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Did God Tell Adam and Eve to Keep the Sabbath? — 67 Comments

  1. Interesting:

    The Hebrew word "shabeth H7673" translated rest in Gen 2:2 is the same word in Ex 5:5 where Pharaoh accuses Moses of making the people "shabeth H7673". Had Moses reminded the people to rest from their work on the Sabbath?

    Gen 2:2 KJV+  And on the seventhH7637 dayH3117 GodH430 endedH3615 his workH4399 whichH834 he had made;H6213 and he restedH7673 on the seventhH7637 dayH3117 from allH4480 H3605 his workH4399 whichH834 he had made.H6213

    Exo 5:5 KJV+  And PharaohH6547 said,H559 Behold,H2005 the peopleH5971 of the landH776 nowH6258 are many,H7227 and ye make them restH7673 (H853) from their burdens.H4480 H5450

    • Shirley: What are all those Hs followed by numbers, and the other numbers in the following post @ 3:49am?

      • Lelani, those are the Strong's numbers. Strong's concordance lists all the Hebrew and Greek words in the KJV translation of the Bible and numbers them and gives the Bible verses where they appear. This helps those who don't know the original languages to see which Hebrew or Greek word was translated into English.
        That is what I was doing, comparing two verses which use the same English word "rest" and checking which Hebrew word was being translated. Each original word can be translated into different English words depending on the context, and the choice of the translators of that version.

        • There are several interlined Hebrew/Greek/English interlined Bible on line. I have been using an interlined one based on the Aland-Nestle Greek to check some of the differences between that and Textus Receptus Greek. Its a bit of work but it adds another dimension for those of us who enjoy research and comparison.

  2. Fragments of the Dead Sea Scrolls long thought to be blank contain text that's invisible to the naked eyeBy Alicia Lee, CNNFragments of the Dead Sea Scrolls long thought to be blank contain text that's invisible to the naked eyeBy Alicia Lee, CNN

    Updated 1724 GMT (0124 HKT) May 20, 2020

    the word Shabbat (Sabbath) can be clearly read

    (CNN)For decades, fragments from the ancient Dead Sea Scrolls were stowed away at the University of Manchester, deemed largely worthless.

    Yes, they were still significant as authentic fragments of the coveted scrolls have been hard to come by, but they were blank, and therefore, just scraps of paper.
    Until now.
    Researchers have found that four of the 51 fragments believed to have been blank do, in fact, contain readable Hebrew/Aramaic text. They just needed a special camera to see it.
    The surprise discovery is notable because scholars have long tried to gain a better understanding of the Dead Sea Scrolls, which are some of the oldest versions of the Hebrew Bible and other religious texts that date to the time of Jesus.
    "The most substantial fragment has the remains of four lines of text with 15-16 letters, most of which are only partially preserved, but the word Shabbat (Sabbath) can be clearly read," the University of Manchester said in a statement.
    The text may be related to the biblical book of Ezekiel (46:1-3), the university added.

  3. Good morning, Happy Sabbath. I really enjoy Sabbath School. I am new to SDA church and have watched many videos and enjoy Pastor Doug.I have studied and been Catholic, Lutheran, and studied in Synagogue too, looking for the truth in Scripture. I always wondered why (even as a young lad) why Church wasn't attended on Saturday. At any rate I am really enjoying learning about the SDA uniqueness in Christianity. I was amazed at the amount of books, and studies out there and enjoy them. I enjoyed and believe that Sabbath is and always has been on Saturday now...I enjoy these studies at Sabbath School.

    • John,
      Welcome to this community, Praise the LORD for leading you to learn more of His Character and Plan of Salvation.

      Your journey is what Jesus promised:
      John 16:12-14 MKJV  I have yet many things to say to you, but you cannot bear them now.  (13)  However, when He, the Spirit of Truth, has come, He will guide you into all truth. For He shall not speak of Himself, but whatever He hears, He shall speak. And He will announce to you things to come.  (14)  He will glorify Me, for He will receive of Mine and will announce it to you.

  4. Yes, God set the example, and then said do likewise. Did God tell Adam and Eve to take dominion over the animals? No question He did. God gave all the Seventh day Sabbath as a delight turning our foot away from the labor of six days. Jesus said the Sabbath was made for man and not man for the Sabbath. Thats right He was born a Jew. He died for our sins so that we may hear the second sweetest words, "you are forgiven." Well I am sure we all know the sweetest words, it won't hurt hearing them again, Jesus is the sweetest name we know and He is just the same as His Holy Name. Paul said: "again He designates a certain day, saying in David, “Today,” after such a long time, as it has been said: “Today, if you will hear His voice, Do not harden your hearts.”
    For if Joshua had given them rest, then He would not afterward have spoken of another day.
    Hebrews 4:7,8. NKJV

    Key word at the start of this text is: again. Again God reminds us from the foundation of the earth I have given you the Seventh day Sabbath to keep. Verse 8 is often ignored: then He would not afterword have spoken of another day.

    Yes He told Adam and Eve to keep the Seventh day Sabbath. Yes He is sill telling us today to keep the Seventh day Sabbath.

    Were the ten commandments nailed to the cross? No absolutly not, only the cerimonal laws. Jesus died for our sins, He did not nail them to the cross. He died for them so that when we ask He can say I forgive you. Sweet, very sweet.

    • “Were the ten commandments nailed to the cross? No absolutely not, only the ceremonial laws.” (Colossians 2:14.)

      Hello John,

      I have always thought of this as a reference to Deuteronomy 31:26, which in the context of the last chapters of Deuteronomy, is a reference to Deuteronomy 28, the Covenant blessings and curses. The blessings and curses are part of the Law, but are not ceremonial law or the whole law. As Moses said,

      Take this scroll of the law and place it beside the ark of the covenant of the Lord your God. It will remain there as a witness against you, for I know about your rebellion and stubbornness. (Deuteromony 31:26-27a NET.)

      I believe this was the “handwriting of ordinances against us” to which the apostle Paul was referring, not the whole law or even the ceremonial law. Moses was making the point that Israel would not be faithful to the Covenant, but God is faithful. This is why our only hope is in the faithfulness of the Messiah and his finished work of the cross, rather than in our faithfulness.

      Just a thought.


      • It is interesting, too that those who left Egypt, receiving the Law at Sinai and entering into a covenant relationship with God kept the Sabbath, yet, in Hebrews, could not "enter into his rest" disoote keeping the Sabbath; showing there was much more to it than keeping a sunset to sunset Sabbath.

  5. I believe as the writer has shared his insight. Being the first two to be instructed on the knowledge of good and evil. They were also given instructions on His Holy Day.

  6. Interesting thoughts, William. You wrote:

    "He never used the term 'Jewish Sabbath.'"

    If I recall correctly, in the Old Testament there is a notable difference between the way the inspired writers referred to the weekly Sabbath and how they described the annual Sabbaths connected with the ceremonial feasts -- even back then, when God expected His people to celebrate those annual observances. Before I finish writing this comment, I'll look for some examples.

    First of all, there is the 4th commandment itself.

    "... but the seventh day is a sabbath to the LORD your God." (NIV)

    According to these words, the weekly rest day is the Sabbath of the LORD (i.e. Yahweh or Jehovah). A quick search reveals 15 occurrences of the term "My Sabbaths" in the Old Testament. Looking at the context of these references makes it clear to me that this is a term that always refers to the weekly rest day. Its violation is often associated with the flouting of other commandments among the ten. I cannot find any instances where this term evidently refers to the yearly sabbaths, which were first introduced through Moses and ended up being of temporary duration, thanks to the great divorce between God and the Jewish nation, finalized by the stoning of Stephen.

    Interestingly, Leviticus 23 called upon the Jews to proclaim the annual feast days to be "holy convocations" (i.e. sabbaths) "besides the Sabbaths of the LORD" (i.e. the weekly Sabbaths).

    To me the obvious conclusion is that God has always reserved the ownership of the weekly rest day for Himself, not for the Jews, not for the Seventh-day Adventists, nor for anyone else. Jesus said as much, when He claimed to be "Lord of the Sabbath" in denying that the Jewish religious leaders had the right to say how it should be observed.

  7. Thank you Pastor William! Very well said on a statement I had only heard once by a Pastor on YouTube, who said this very thing, and then named a few churches who kept the Sabbath and then named the Seventh-day Adventist as the largest group keeping this day, but then he said, they are a cult because they follow a lady, who they say was a prophet.
    Oh which caused me to want to jump in and say a few things.

  8. Amen. And in the new testimony it also says on the sabbath Jesus, as his custom was... in the synagogue preaching. And when Jesus died, God had him rest even before he was resurrected.

  9. Paia Autagavaia.
    Thank you for the post William. I must admit, I'm not a sabbath keeper. I attend church on Sunday and have been since I was born into church. I'm of Samoan decent, and was born into Sunday worship. This is our sabbath day. We were in a traditional congregational church. There were strict rules, ie; no going out to the beach, shopping, watching tv etc...(though we didn't have a tv)...If you or any of your family members broke the rules, your whole household will be fined.

    As we migrated to NZ our family attended a multicultural Presbyterian church. And as I grew into adulthood, I started to attend several Pentecostal churches. I enjoyed the songs by the bands and really enjoyed the worship.

    Now I'm 42 and married with two girls still attending Sunday services. My girls love the church. We haven't been because we're in another covid lockdown!

    Over the last year or so, I've been watching the Hope and Firstlight channels on tv. These are run by Seventh Day Adventists. I really enjoy the teachings which have really challenged me theologically. So I'm on a search for the Truth. There are so many different 'for and against' debate videos on Youtube re this topic 'The Sabbath'. I would be watching Pastor Dough Batchelor and others and I am convinced I should be keeping the sabbath and then I'd watch other christian teachers explain why sabbath keeping is only for the Jews and not in the new covenant and so on and it seems to makes sense to me too.

    I've made comments on youtube videos here and there, because I'm convinced we should be keeping the sabbath on Saturday.

    I'm searching for answers and came across this site. My prayer is that God will open my eyes to the truth and help me obey it!

    Please pray for me and sorry for the long post.

    • Hi Paia! I went through the same struggle as you, researching online for months trying to concretely confirm what God's Holy Spirit was convicting me of--keeping his Sabbath on the seventh day of the week, which turns out to be the day we call Saturday (and Friday Eve). A quick glance at a calendar reveals that Saturday is the seventh day of the week, and a basic knowledge of when the Jewish people have always observed the Sabbath also confirms it, but it's a bit of a paradigm shift for those of us who have grown up in the majority of Christian churches who are Sunday-observant. I found a quote on one of my favorite pastors' websites, Chuck Swindol: he said that the word of God never changed the Sabbath day from the seventh day of the week to the first day of the week. Even the base root of the word Sabbath means the number seven. Irregardless of this knowledge, sadly he disregards this fact, as many other evangelicals do, and claims that it doesn't really matter. Most evangelicals base this disregard for God's law on their interpretation of Paul's statement regarding holy days in Romans 14:5, which actually does not specifically refer to the weekly Sabbath day nor does it mention a Sabbath day at all (yearly or weekly). In the context, Paul is talking about eating meat, so it is more likely that the days that he is offering up for the Roman Christians own preference as to whether or not they want to observe them, probably has something to do with an arbitrary tradition of men regarding what days they should eat meat or abstain from eating meat. Should we be quick to abolish one of God's clear commandments, on the basis of an assumption that this vague and singular statement has anything to do with Sabbath observance? No other apostle makes such a statement. Peter even tells us that some of Paul's teaching is hard to understand, and easily twisted (2 Peter 3:16), and Jesus declared that not the smallest detail would be erased from God's law until heaven and earth pass away (Matthew 5:17-20).

      The only other two times that Paul writes anything specifically about a Sabbath day are in Corinthians 2:16 and Hebrews 4:4,9-11. In Hebrews 4, Paul writes, "For somewhere God has spoken about the seventh day in these words: On the seventh day God rested from all his works. ...There remains, then, a Sabbath-rest for the people of God; for anyone who enters God’s rest also rests from their works, just as God did from his. Let us, therefore, make every effort to enter that rest, so that no one will perish by following their example of disobedience." The above passage reminds us that we should rest "just as God did". When did God rest: this passage also reminds us that he rested on the seventh day. There is also a future rest being spoken of in this context, that the weekly Sabbath day points to. This future Sabbath in no way negates the present Sabbath command. On the contrary, we are bid to not follow in disobedience so that no one will perish according to their example.

      The second mention of Sabbath by Paul, in Corinthians 2:16 appears to be poorly translated. It leaves out a word that means "a part of", so it should be translated: "Therefore do not let anyone judge you by what you eat or drink, or with regard to THAT PART OF a religious festival, a New Moon celebration or a Sabbath day." In other words, when you celebrate one of God's festivals and/or Sabbath days, there are no more rules requiring the food and drink to be part of a communal meal of God's food and drink sacrifices at his temple. The Israelite's had been required to celebrate these feasts which included special Sabbath days at Jerusalem, but Jesus said, "believe me, a time is coming when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem.... A time is coming and has now come when the true worshipers will worship the Father in the Spirit and in truth".

      God said, "If you love me, you will keep my commands". Celebrating the weekly Sabbath is one way that we can love God. God gave the Sabbath as a gift to us. If we trust God, we will gladly accept his gifts. He brought the Sabbath into being for our benefit, but Jesus Christ is still the Lord of it, so he still expects us to obey God by keeping it as he instructed us to, with the reminder that, at times, a strict observance of it may need to take a back seat to the higher priority of merciful charity and compassionate care-giving.

      It didn't hurt me to study all the different perspectives on Sabbath-keeping that I could find. It helped me to understand why most denominations have justified changing the wording of this law, and teach their members to do whatever they feel like with it. However, if God convicts one of his disciples to obey his Sabbath law, eventually, hopefully, they should desire to obey every part of it, and see the error in editing it according to the traditions of men--even the very long-held traditions of the religion that they've been dependent on to spoon-feed them with what their religious beliefs should be. Even Martin Luther wrote that he was aware that the Roman Catholic church had erroneously changed the Sabbath day, but he admitted that he chose not to address that issue in the reformation, because he didn't think he could get the people to give up their tradition of associating their loosely observed Sabbath from Sunday back to the seventh day (Saturday). Thus so many Christians unwittingly continue on under this false doctrine of the Catholic church. Jesus gave the Pharisees a correction that today's Christians should also consider: "You have let go of the commands of God and are holding on to human traditions. ...You nullify the word of God by your tradition that you have handed down!" Mark 7:8,13.

      Finally after months of studying and meeting with theology students and pastors to hear their opinions, God made it simple for me to understand. He told me, "Breaking the Sabbath is the same as any other sin." It's as simple as that.

      I've been observing the Sabbath for a few years now, at home, while I continued to attend church on Sunday. Attending church on Sunday is not actually breaking the Sabbath commandment. Nowhere in the commandment does it say, "Thou shalt not attend church on Sunday". If you pay close attention to the mention of the Sabbath practices in the gospels, you will see that some practices where according to the Sabbath law, like the women who waited until after the Sabbath to buy spices for Jesus' body in the tomb, and some where according to custom, like Jesus going to synagogue (Luke 4:16). The fourth commandment doesn't say that anyone is required to attend church on the Sabbath. There is a separate law that requires God's word to be publicly read in assembly on the Sabbath. However, a few months ago, I also started attending church at a Messianic Jewish Christian church, because I am able to fellowship better with people who believe all of God's law as I do. I still attend church on Sunday now, only because I am taking my father who has Alzheimer's to a church where he feels comfortable worshiping. He couldn't politely sit through two hours of church where half of it was spoken in a different language.

      I observe Sabbath on the seventh day (Friday sundown to Saturday sundown), by resting from all of my labors, spending time reading God's word and praying, before attending Sabbath church I sang a few hymns that I pulled up on YouTube, and I make a point to appreciate and thank God for his wonderful creation and for making me a new creation in Christ, and visiting with my husband, and usually getting a nice little nap in. I also abstain from shopping and eating out on the Sabbath, unless there is a special occasion that would make me appear to be unloving to my family if I skipped it. However, I've been feeling more guilty about making that exception, so next time, I may offer to host the events at my house as opposed to going out to a restaurant. Often, you can just request to meet before sundown on Friday or after sundown on Saturday, if your family wants to meet at a restaurant for an event.

      I hope this helps you to know that you are not alone in learning how to obey God's Sabbath law in a church culture that often disregards it, or judges Sabbath-keepers as if it is they who are sinning by being 'legalistic'. Again, this whole concept of being 'legalistic' comes from a couple of Paul's misunderstood statements that I won't address now. However, Paul actually loved God's law and said that we should uphold it: "Do we nullify the law by this faith? Not at all! Rather, we uphold the law." Romans 3:31. May you be blessed and find joy in keeping God's good Sabbath gift!

      • Thank you for sharing Brenda. I'm still trying to get used to observing the Sabbath. It is one of the commandments and I do believe we should be keeping it, though I'm often taken back to some scriptures where it appears to me that the Sabbath is only for the Jews ie; in the book of Exodus, Leviticus etc and then I start to question it again. The scripture that really brings me back is when Jesus said the Sabbath was made for man not man for the Sabbath, which takes me back to Genesis.

        Another thing is, is working on the Sabbath. I'm a Police officer and I've heard 'for and against' debates/views on this issue. At the moment, I'm working in a unit where it's only Mon-Fri and then I would shut off and observe the Sabbath. I've been given an extension up until August this year. I don't what I'm going to do when August rolls around, whether I apply to have the Sabbath day off or carry on working, as it's public service? Anyway, I'm praying for God's guidance in this area.

        Please pray for me and also for my family to start observing the Sabbath and follow our Lord Jesus Christ as we prepare for his Second Coming!!

        God bless you and your family. May He bring healing to your father in Jesus name.

    • Hello Paia,

      I worked in electrical power generation and natural gas processing for many years and often struggled with Sabbath observance. My suggestion is to pray diligently about the issue and begin right now to dialogue with your supervisor to work out a resolution. Keep a diligent eye out for alternative roles or employment that will give you the freedom of Sabbath observance.

      To normally have Sabbaths off, I made career choices that limited my advancement. I know others who kept Sunday as a sabbath that worked rotating shifts that allowed them to have sabbaths at least some days every month, or who traded shifts with other workers to have those days off.

      I found it was a matter of working with my supervisors, my fellow workers and with God to open up a way.


      • What if the Electrical Power Generation and Natural Gas Processing plants didn't stay working? What of Sewer Treatment Plants, and Police Drunk Detail on Friday night or Traffic Control Officer for when you want to be safe on your way to church? Not to hard for me to answer what Jesus would say. Note: John 5:16 "So, because Jesus was doing these things on the Sabbath, the Jewish leaders began to persecute him. 17 In his defense Jesus said to them, “My Father is always at his work to this very day, and I too am working.” 18 For this reason they tried all the more to kill him; not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself equal with God."

        • I think it helps to remember that the Sabbath "was made for man." It was made for *our* benefit. There is work that needs to be done all seven days of the week, but we don't necessarily have to be the ones doing it. God calls us to come apart and rest a while and spend time with Him and family.

          I know of people in the medical professions who generally manage to have most of their Sabbaths free. When there is a genuine emergency, they will, of course attend to the needs of people.

          There are several medical professionals in my extended family. I recall the experience of my sister-in-law, a physician, who did not have office hours on Sabbath (of course), but she would attend to emergencies on Sabbath. She decided not to charge for these acts of mercy and soon found herself busier on Sabbath than any other day of the week - giving her no Sabbath rest at all. Somehow everyone seemed to have "emergencies" on Sabbath.

          So she went back to charging normal fees on Sabbath so she could get her Sabbaths back. And she donated her Sabbath income to missions.

          It is often possible to exchange work days with people who want their Sundays or some other day free.

          I believe that those who do not make the effort to free their Sabbaths so they can spend time with the Lord will suffer by losing the sense of the sacredness of the Sabbath and their relationship with the Lord.

          It's not a matter of "If I don't keep the Sabbath, the Lord will punish me." But it's a matter of "If I don't make an effort to spend Sabbath time with the Lord, my relationship with Him will suffer. And as a result I may even lose my opportunity of entering the ultimate Sabbath rest." It's not so much about the legality of keeping the Sabbath. It's about our relationship with the Lord. We are saved by being "in Christ" and allowing Him into our hearts to change us. And that takes time, including weekly Sabbath time.

          • I respect a personal view on this matter. But what gets me when interacting with people of other denominations, they are Bible students looking for a thus saith the Lord, and I can't find one in the NT that reinstitutes the Sabbath. Your response that I am responding to, respectfully gave no "thus sayeth the Lord."

            • H'mm ... You weren't giving a Scriptural argument, so I was replying in kind.
              You wrote

              they are Bible students looking for a thus saith the Lord, and I can't find one in the NT that reinstitutes the Sabbath.

              Your question presupposes that the Sabbath was done away with and needed to be reinstituted. There is no evidence of that. Jesus Himself said that He did not come to destroy the law, and that it would not be changed while heaven and earth lasted. (See Matt. 5:17-18)

              It's like driving on the right side of the road in North America. The law doesn't have to be re-instituted with every new administratation because it was never doen away with. Everyone here knows that's the law. Now if Great Britain wanted to switch over to driving on the right side of the road, then such a law would have to be instituted.

              The focus of your question sounds suspiciously like looking for proof that we *have* to "keep the Sabbath." And, to me, that misses the point altogether. God gave us the gift of the Sabbath. He made it right at the beginning of earth time. When it came to codifying His Law into ten precepts, the Sabbath commandment beginw with "Remember," pointing to its origin at the beginning of time.

              Jesus came as the Messenger of the Covenant (Mal 3:1), and the Covenant is all about a relationship between God and His people. When the Israelites had misconstrued the Covenant as a system of works, He promised to make a "New Covenant" with them - a covenant in which He would write His law on their (our) hearts. (Jere 31:31-33) The new covenant is about heart service of love, and when we love someone we want to spend time with that person. While we have the privilege of walking with God every single day, the seventh day is special time - like a weekly date with our Creator. It is a soul-refreshing time. Unfortunately, individuals who see is primarily as a legal obligation are likely to miss most of the blessings of the Sabbth.

              I don't think it's possible to persuade people about the necessity of "keeping" the Sabbath without first experiencing its blessings for ourselves and allowing people to see what a blessing the Sabbath is.

              When my husband worked as a supervisor on a large luxury hotel project in Aspen Colorado, the company asked for all employees to work seven days a week in order to meet a deadline. But my husband continued to take his Sabbaths off. You can bet the other employees were envious! Various ones expressed that sentiment. (By the way, the managers of that company did not make a good business decision because research shows that productivity goes down when people work seven days a week.)

            • Inge, the torn curtain in the Temple would indicate a desanctification of it's contents. Covenants like contracts usually have stipulations unique to those that the contract or Covenant applies. That rent curtain, was a symbol of the Old being obsolete, and the NT has the content of the New Covenant, with specifics. It doe snot have to stipulate that the Old Covenant is obsolete but it does to make clear there is a New Covenant with new tenets.

            • The Sabbath is in the heart of the law which Jesus promised to never change. Matthew 5:17-19. If there was no change why would Jesus need to say there was no change? Why would He need to reinstate what was never done away with?

          • My position on the Sabbath is maybe unorthodox, but this Bible verse states how I feel after studying the topic.

            Romans 14:5-6 "One person considers one day more sacred than another; another considers every day alike. Each of them should be fully convinced in their own mind. 6 Whoever regards one day as special does so to the Lord. Whoever eats meat does so to the Lord, for they give thanks to God; and whoever abstains does so to the Lord and gives thanks to God."

            • I believe we have no business judging others regarding how they view certain days. God reads each heart and judges accordingly.

              That said, I don't believe Paul was referring to the seventh-day Sabbath, because individual judgment can not have any effect on the sacredness of a day God sanctified and blessed at the end of creation week.

              All we can do is to decide whether or not to accept His invitation to join Him on that day in remembrance and celebration of His work of creation *and* redemption in Christ.

        • The only difference is, I can choose not to participate in any of those occupations. Why choose a career that makes keeping the Sabbath holy an issue? A surface reading of the Scriptures will show us, Jesus was not building houses or roads on the Sabbath day. He was healing people of their sin-sick bodies and souls. He was out doing good on the Sabbath, Jesus was not earning a living to support and build his bottom line.
          Just because Jesus was out doing good, does not give me license to choose to work on His day, when He gave me six others to work on.
          He set that day aside out of His busy schedule running the universe, why should I not do the same, if I love Him and want to spend time with Him.

          • Hi, Ettienne. You ask:

            "Why choose a career that makes keeping the Sabbath holy an issue?"

            One possible answer is that participating in the healing arts (for example, by being a nurse) is your calling. Someone needs to care for the sick, and it might be a bit selfish for Sabbath-keepers to leave that to others, as if the Sabbath were not intended for everyone.

            There are other ways to ensure that one's livelihood does not come from Sabbath employment.

  10. Great article, William! I was unsure, at first, if the NLT translation that quotes the verse as saying "and declared it holy" was a good way to translate that word that is often translated "and made it holy", "hallowed it", "sanctified it" or "set it apart". However, how else would God set it apart, if he didn't tell Adam and Eve that it was set apart. Jesus said the Sabbath was created for the benefit of man, so if God didn't tell them to take a break from their work to spend a special day with him, how could they have benefited from it, without practicing it as a set-apart, holy time?

    I'm making a little Creation playset with a booklet as a gift for my great nieces and nephews and the children at my church and my neighbors; and in the booklet, I semi-poetically translated Genesis 2:2-3, as shown below. Your insight into God declaring the seventh day as set-apart helped me to include the words "and God said", which is a pattern for the other six days. To declare something or to say something is pretty much the same thing. Here is how I have now translated those verses for my children's booklet:

    On day seven, God was finished with
    his whole creation work!
    On day seven, God modeled refreshment,
    by refraining from doing all his work!
    God blessed day seven, and God said:
    this day was made to be set apart;
    On it, he sabbathed, to enjoy
    his miraculous creative works of art!

    It still may need a little refining. Anyway, thank you so much for your great article! It's got a lot of helpful common sense views of the Biblical wisdom that God has given us.

    • The 10 Commandment were written for a specific people, the Jews. Read here: Deut 5:1 Moses summoned all Israel and said:

      Hear, Israel, the decrees and laws I declare in your hearing today. Learn them and be sure to follow them. 2 The Lord our God made a covenant with us at Horeb. 3 It was not with our ancestors that the Lord made this covenant, but with us, with all of us who are alive here today.

      • Isaiah 56:6 says the foreigners who keep the Sabbath can also be a part of the covenant.

        “Also the sons of the foreigner
        Who join themselves to the Lord, to serve Him,
        And to love the name of the Lord, to be His servants—
        Everyone who keeps from defiling the Sabbath,
        And holds fast My covenant—

        • William, Isaiah 56:6 is an OT text speaking of the Old Covenant. Isaiah 56:6

          6 “And the foreigners who join themselves to the Lord,

          to minister to him, to love the name of the Lord,

          and to be his servants,

          everyone who keeps the Sabbath and does not profane it,

          and holds fast my covenant—"

          This is speaking of the Old Covenant not the New Covenant .Here is the promise for a New Covenant because Israel was breaking the Old Covenant. This is what Jesus was to bring, a New Covenant :

          Jeremiah 31:33

          33 “This is the covenant I will make with the people of Israel
          after that time,” declares the Lord.
          “I will put my law in their minds
          and write it on their hearts.
          I will be their God,
          and they will be my people.

          This promise was fulfilled in the Upper Room prior to Christ's crucifixion. :

          Matthew 26:27 "Then he took a cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you. 28 This is my blood of the[b] covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins. 29 I tell you, I will not drink from this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father’s kingdom.”

          • You say that the New Covenant was "fulfilled" in the Upper Room. A covenant is only "fulfilled" when its terms are carried out. So, yes, considering the promise made, "I will put my law in their minds and write it on their hearts," I think it likely that the promise was fulfilled for all those gathered in unity of love in the Upper Room. But the promise is not limited to those people gathered there. The promise was made "with the people of Israel" - all those who are heirs of Abraham, according to the promise. (Gal. 3:29) Thus God promised that He would write His law in your heart and mind- if we consent.

            What do you have against God writing His Law in our hearts?

            When Jesus said, 'This is my blood of the covenant,' He demonstrated that He would ratify this "New Covenant" by His blood - just as the "Old Covenant" was ratified by blood. Thus we live in the time that God is writing His law in the hearts of all those who consent to have Him do so. (Compare Exodus 24:8, Heb. 8:6, Heb. 10:29)

            • Inge, I feel your remark above : "What do you have against God writing His Law in our heart". I take offense to that remark. It is not the writing on the heart that bother me, it is the belief of some that the content is what the content of the Law was on Sinai. The New Covenant has new tenets, different or unique to the first. How can we claim the Old Covenant is what is written on the believer's heart as some have suggested that is the only different,same content, just written on the heart instead. How can something that is obsolete be written on a New Covenant believer's heart.

              Hebrews 8:13 "By calling this covenant “new,” he has made the first one obsolete; and what is obsolete and outdated will soon disappear."

          • I did not mean to offend you. I was asking an honest question as to why you appeared to be opposed to the Law being written in our hearts, as God promised to do in the New Covenant (Jeremiah 31:31-33), as I mentioned in a previous comment.

            You say that what bothers you is "the belief of some that the content is what the content of the Law was on Sinai." It seems to me that Jeremiah saw it that way. I previously asked you which law Jeremiah could possibly be referring to, in case I missed something.

            You believe that a "new covenant" requires new terms, but that's not what I'm seeing in the Bible. Instead, the writer of Hebrews tells us that the new covenant is "better" because it is based on "better promises" - the promises of God Himself. (Israel had perverted the Sinaitic covenant into a covenant of works - i.e. they saw the covenant based on their promises. So this is the mindset the writer of Hebrews addressed.)

            As far as the Sabbath (the subject of this blog post) is concerned, we don't need to go any further than the creation account, as William did, to demonstrate that the Sabbath was created for holy purpose (sanctified). Whether you or I agree does not affect the sanctity of the Sabbath. But if we want to experience the blessings of the Sabbath, we have to accept God's terms and surrender our self-will to Him, so He can write His Law (character) in our hearts. For me, the fact that Jesus is our rest adds significance to the Sabbath. I want to spend that day as special time with Him to strengthen my relationship.

            I don't read the texts you quoted in reference to the "new covenant" the same as you do. But that discussion is really outside the scope of this topic.

      • Yes the Ten Commandments were given to a specific people - the people who inherited the covenant God had made with Abraham. He declared them to be His people, and He would be their God. And the Apostle Paul tells us that all who are in Christ are the heirs of the same promise (covenant) made to Abraham. We also need to remember that anyone who wanted to serve the Creator God could become a part of the covenant people.

        For a better understanding of the Law of God, please see
        God’s Law: The One, the Two, the Ten and the Many

        I'm just wondering why you appear to view the Ten Commandments so negatively. What is wrong with them?

        As I mentioned in another comment, the Sabbath itself is not dependent on the Ten Commandments. It was created as a day set aside for holy purpose (sanctified). Gen. 2:3. The Ten Commandments say to *remember* the day that God set aside for holy purpose at the end of creation week.

      • Robert, why did God give them the 10 Commandments? If He did not give it to them, who was He supposed to give it to, the Egyptians, the Canaanites, the Philistines? They were the only group on the earth at that time God could work through to reach the world for Him.
        God never intended for them to keep His Law, not their Law, to themselves, but to fulfill the promises He made to Abraham that He would bless the whole world through his offspring.
        When reading Deut. 4:1-8 one sees God's intension of passing His Law on to the surrounding nations. His righteous Law is not only good for one small portion of the globe, but is a blessing to all of humanity. His Law is a law of love, loving God first and then others as Jesus said Himself. The Law of God lived out in the hearts of His people would be a witness the surrounding nations would not be able to miss. They would ask, who is this wise nation and who is this Wise God with such wise laws? That is what God still desires of us. His Law is not a list of don't we have to comply with, it is the best way to live, only possible when our hearts are changed to act and react as Jesus, the Law Giver, would Himself. Only then the world will ask, who are these people, and who is their God?

  11. Brenda Nelson, Note what Christ said when confronted about the way He kept the Sabbath:

    John 5:16 "So, because Jesus was doing these things on the Sabbath, the Jewish leaders began to persecute him. 17 In his defense Jesus said to them, “My Father is always at his work to this very day, and I too am working.” 18 For this reason they tried all the more to kill him; not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself equal with God."

    And what Paul said about it:

    2 Corinthians 3 :7 Now if the ministry that brought death, which was engraved in letters on stone, came with glory, so that the Israelites could not look steadily at the face of Moses because of its glory, transitory though it was, 8 will not the ministry of the Spirit be even more glorious? 9 If the ministry that brought condemnation was glorious, how much more glorious is the ministry that brings righteousness! 10 For what was glorious has no glory now in comparison with the surpassing glory. 11 And if what was transitory came with glory, how much greater is the glory of that which lasts!

    Col 2: 16 "Therefore do not let anyone judge you by what you eat or drink, or with regard to a religious festival, a New Moon celebration or a Sabbath day. 17 These are a shadow of the things that were to come; the reality, however, is found in Christ."

    Luke 24:44 He said to them, “This is what I told you while I was still with you: Everything must be fulfilled that is written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms.”

    45 Then he opened their minds so they could understand the Scriptures. 46 He told them, “This is what is written: The Messiah will suffer and rise from the dead on the third day, 47 and repentance for the forgiveness of sins will be preached in his name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. 48 You are witnesses of these things. 49 I am going to send you what my Father has promised; but stay in the city until you have been clothed with power from on high.”

    Luke would indicate there was a significant change that happened with Christ's first coming and crucifixion.

      • William, look at Jesus remarks compare to Matthew 5:17-19, see Luke 24: 44 He said to them, “This is what I told you while I was still with you: Everything must be fulfilled that is written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms.”

        I have seen both text passages to point to Luke 24:44 that he couldn't have meant what he said in Matthew 5:17-19. And others point to the definition of "to fulfill" .


        1. bring to completion or reality; achieve or realize

        2.carry out (a task, duty, or role) as required, pledged, or expected.

        • When being baptized Jesus said in Matthew 3:15, “ “But Jesus answered and said to him, “Permit it to be so now, for thus it is fitting for us to fulfill all righteousness.” Then he allowed Him.” After fulfilling the right of baptism Jesus told His disciples to go baptize in Matthew 28:19-20. Jesus did not do away with baptism by fulfilling it. Jesus did not do away with the law by fulfilling it. Fulfill means the exact opposite of do away with.

          • Never suggested Baptism was ever "fulfilled". He introduced it as part of initial Christian life. But no more sacrifical animal sacrifices, or circumcison, Or Sabbath keeping for Christ from His resurrection to returning to heaven. The Lamb, Jesus, was sacrificed for our sins that the animal sacrifices of the Temple pointed to. The New Covenant introduced "new things" that the Bible points out. The bread and wine, the Last Supper, Chritians still participate in this "ritual".

            • But Jesus did fulfill the rite of baptism. Again fulfilling does not mean doing away with. Nowhere in Scripture does it say that the Sabbath was done away with. If the early church thought the Sabbath had been done away with in Scripture they never would have to bother trying to change it 300 years later.

            • Actually, the evidence is that Jesus did not "introduce" baptism. That baptism was a known rite at the time of John the Baptist seems self-evident. People did not have questions about the rite, though the Pharisees doubted they needed this rite of purification.

              Yes, Jesus was the Lamb of God, as John pointed out. And He died as such, in fulfillment of Old Testament prophecy.

              However, contrary to what you suggest in one of your comments, it is absolutely necessary to understand the so-called "Old Testament" in order to understand both Jesus and the writings of the "New Testament." God's written word is one unity, and Timothy declares that" “Every scripture inspired of God is also profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for instruction which is in righteousness." (2 Timothy 3:16) Please consider what "Scripture" Timothy was referencing. (Did he write this after the New Testament was recognized as Scripture??)

              The "New Covenant" is clearly spelled out in the same Scriptures Timothy declares to be inspired:"31 Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:
              32 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the Lord:
              33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the Lord, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people." (Jeremiah 31:31-33)

              Now, which law could Jeremiah possibly be referring to as to be written in the heart in the New Covenant?

              But then, even if you were correct, when you declared that the Ten Commandments were only given to the Jews, it would not affect the sacredness of the seventh-day Sabbath, because the seventh day was sanctified (set aside for holy purpose) right in creation week.

              2 And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.
              3 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made. Genesis 2:2-3)

        • What does the law of Moses refer to? That will help shed additional light on this subject. The Ten Commandments are never referred to as the Law of Moses, but the Law of God. These 10 principles were God's road map to happiness, adapted specifically to the circumstances here on earth.
          At least, one of the commandments written on the stone tablets and given to Moses, not to commit adultery, does not exist in heaven, because the angels, according to Jesus, do not get married and do not procreate.
          God is love, and based on that principle, God defined how best that principle can be lived out here on this sin-filled planet.
          The law of Moses, therefore, cannot refer to the Law of God. Moses did not come up with the Ten Commandments, but God first spoke them in the hearing of all of Israel, and then engraved the stone tablets, with how best His principle of love can be lived and experienced by all on earth, with His own finger.
          So, what does the Bible writers have in mind when they refer to the law of Moses? This term occurs 20 times in the KJV of the Bible, 14 times in the Old Testament and 6 times in the New Testament. Not in any of these verses does it refer to any of the commandments God wrote on the tablets of stone, but statues and ordinances pertaining to sacrifices, building of an altar, social interactions, and behavior between people, etc.. Many of these passages also often include the phrase, "written in a book." Although God's Law, the Ten Commandments, is contained in the writings of Moses, it is never referred to as the law of Moses, and we know God’s Law was not written in a book.
          Let’s look at a few of these passages. Joshua 8:1, Joshua 23:6, 2 Kings 14:6, Neh. 8:1 reference that the law of Moses was written in a book. God's Law, the moral law, was written by God on tablets of stone. In the New Testament the laws highlighted from the law of Moses once again reference laws nothing to do with the Ten Commandments. Look at Luke 2:2, John 7:23, Acts 15:5, and I Corinthians 9:9. Objectively looking at the evidence presented in the whole Bible, the Old and New Testaments, we must draw the only honest and truthful conclusion. The law of Moses is not the Law of God, although God Law is found within the writings of Moses. The newer Bible translations like the NLT translates Matt. 5:17 as follows, “Don't misunderstand why I have come. I did not come to abolish the law of Moses or the writings of the prophets. No, I came to accomplish their purpose.” In the writings of Moses there were predictions of the coming Messiah, Jesus had to fulfill. Jesus Himself told the Disciples that all the prophecies concerning Himself found in the law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms were fulfilled as written. See Luke 24:44.
          Does God's Law contain any predictive prophecy about the mission of the Messiah to be fulfilled? If all we had were the Ten Commandments, do we have any proof that Jesus was the Messiah of promise? Or let me turn my argument on its head. If we did not have the Ten Commandments, but the rest of the Bible, would we be able to identify Jesus as the Messiah? Is the crucial evidence for Jesus as the Messiah contained in the Law of God? The answer is no. God's Law contains statements and not any predictive prophecy to be fulfilled by the Messiah as proof of His authenticity.
          When Jesus says He fulfilled all that was written, it means He fulfilled all the prophecies regarding the Messiah in all of Moses' writings, the Prophets, and the Psalms. He came as antitype, fulfilling what predicted of Him in type.
          The Law Giver, had to die to redeem us, because His law is perfect, converting us back into harmony with it. That is why Jesus came. Sin had caused a breach between man and God’s Holy Law and somehow man had to be brought into right relationship with this immutable law. If His Law could be altered, Jesus sacrifice would not have been necessary. It is because God’s Law is perfect, and unchangeable that Jesus had to pay the penalty for us who broke His Law. He did not abolish His Law that governs all of His vast creation.

    • Robert – thank you for continuing to share your insights. My eye fell on the Scripture quote you used – Luke 24:47, where we learn that: ”Repentance for the forgiveness of sins will be preached in His name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. Generating heart-felt 'repentance' has been the goal in order to redeem mankind throughout time.

      This quote reflects the 'difference of the means' stated in the Old Covenant, compared with the New Covenant, to reach this goal. It shows that forgiveness is not any longer obtained through works of adherence to the Law of Moses, but rather obtained through faith in the Word of God as taught by Jesus Christ. This Word – “Forgiveness of sins will be preached in His name to all nations.”

      Repentance and faith are the desired outcome of the Gospel of the Father brought to man by Jesus Christ. It is not any longer demonstrated by the acts of obedience to the Law of Moses, but through faith in the forgiveness of sin obtained by God's Grace through Faith in His Word as revealed by the Spirit of Truth, the Comforter – Luke 24:49.

      Yes, forgiveness was available in Old Testament times already, but how much more glorious is the ministry that brings righteousness through faith’ - 2Cor.3:7. Thank you again for pointing this out!

      • You raise some interesting questions, Brigitte. There is no doubt, in my mind, that the Old Covenant involved the futile attempts of the children of Israel to win God's favour by their own efforts in keeping the law. But was that ever God's intention, or did He merely allow them room to make their own mistakes?

        As I see it, forgiveness was only ever available through faith in the coming Messiah, and in His future sacrifice. The animal sacrifices were merely an object lesson to help the people grasp this.

        In his reasoning, Paul often seems to meet people on their own ground. So, he may appear to accept something, as a past practice, that is not truly acceptable at all, in order to use it as a springboard for leading people into a better path.

        I'd say that true faith is, and always will be, demonstrated by the obedience of love. I might even observe that, of the Ten Commandments, there is only one that lacks any obvious moral imperative, and that's what makes it a sign of our loyalty.

      • The "faith only" for salvation, James, one of Christ's disciples wrote:

        James 2:14

        14 "What good is it, my brothers and sisters, if someone claims to have faith but has no deeds? Can such faith save them? 15 Suppose a brother or a sister is without clothes and daily food. 16 If one of you says to them, “Go in peace; keep warm and well fed,” but does nothing about their physical needs, what good is it? 17 In the same way, faith by itself, if it is not accompanied by action, is dead."

  12. Inge Anderson , Christ said he fulfilled the Sabbath in Himself. He is our Rest under the New Covenant. We can't make a construct that isn't in the Scripture, NT. Col 2:16,17.

    In Hebrews 8:13 it says: Heb 8:13 By calling this covenant “new,” he has made the first one obsolete; and what is obsolete and outdated will soon disappear.

    In 2 Cor 3, the first covenant was declared "transitory". I find when engaging others on this issue, some state the real change wasn't the content but that he was writing the same laws on the heart. In covenantly law each contract has it's own content, some may ge the same but there also sometimes significant changes those under the contract should read carefully.

    • We were never saved by commandment keeping in the Old or New Testaments. Everyone in the Old Testament was saved by grace alone, just like in the New Testament. The Sabbath is a weekly reminder that we are saved by grace. The Sabbath is a weekly reminder that Jesus is our rest. The weekly Sabbath means more to us now in the New Testament than it even did in the Old. Just because you have a country does not mean that you do away with the flag that represents that country. Likewise we do not do away with the weekly Sabbath that represents the rest that we have in Jesus. It is because Jesus is our rest that we demonstrate our faith in Him by resting on the Sabbath.

  13. When looking at potential disagreements on what Paul said or did not say, it often helps to remember he was able to meet the philosophers on Mars Hill in Athens toe to toe. He was a brilliant man, and often he loses me in his arguments of making a point.
    Paul said he was a disciple, an apostle of the Lord Jesus. He became a follower of Jesus after his transformational encounter with His risen Lord. Would he purposely contradict a clear statement of his resurrected Lord? Absolutely not. What was Jesus' teaching on the Sabbath? What was Jesus' expectation of His disciples in the future as it relates to Sabbath observance? Matthew 24:20 settles the matter for me. Jesus was telling the disciples about the destruction of Jerusalem still almost 40 years in the future, and He includes this statement, when He could have left it out. Jesus told them they should pray "that your flight may not be in the winter or on the Sabbath." Jesus was expecting His disciples would still be keeping the Sabbath at least 40 years still in the future.
    Just something to consider. Many say we can keep any day, as long it is one in seven. Is that actually the case? Let me put it in daily practice and see how that would work. I am a healthcare professional and my day consists of appointments with patients. When a patient wants to visit with me, my receptionist looks at the schedule, the patient looks at his/her schedule, and then they come to an agreement that a specific time on a given day is mutually agreeable. What would happen if all the patients in my practice believe that they can come any time and on any given day, although they agreed to a specific time and a specific day? There would be mass chaos, and I would be without a receptionist very soon.
    We all are busy and Jesus knew we would. For that reason He said, I give you six days to complete all your work, but on the Seventh day I want you to rest. Not only do I want you to rest, I want to spend all day with you.
    If we are busy, we cannot imagine how busy Jesus is running the entire universe. He wants to spend time with us, because we are His children. He loves us so much that He sets aside special time, just for us. He sets aside a special day of the week and says, if you want to spend time with Me, I am available on the Sabbath, I created it for this purpose when I made the world.
    Is it then not audacious of me to think that I can pick my own day? Sure I can pick my own day, but how does that work into God's busy schedule? He says, this is the block of time I have set aside. Trying to explain the Sabbath away, is like ignoring the set appointment with my doctor. If my appointment is for Monday morning at 8:00 A.M. and I show up Thursday afternoon at 3:00 P.M, will my doctor have time to see me? Not at all, that was not the time slot he had set aside to evaluate me.
    Just thinking out aloud; could that be the same with the Sabbath? If God sets aside time to be with us in special way on the 7th day Sabbath, the day He specially made for us, are we at liberty to chose any day we choose? We could, but the question is, is He there in that special sense, or is He busy running the universe?

  14. Inge, I have nothing against God writing His Law in our hearts/minds. It is a difference of opinion as to WHAT was written on the heart/mind. How can you post your last post when this is said about the Old Law.:

    Hebrews 8:13
    By calling this covenant “new,” he has made the first one obsolete; and what is obsolete and outdated will soon disappear.

    2 Corinthians 3:7
    Now if the ministry that brought death, which was engraved in letters on stone, came with glory, so that the Israelites could not look steadily at the face of Moses because of its glory, transitory though it was, 8 will not the ministry of the Spirit be even more glorious? 9 If the ministry that brought condemnation was glorious, how much more glorious is the ministry that brings righteousness! 10 For what was glorious has no glory now in comparison with the surpassing glory. 11 And if what was transitory came with glory, how much greater is the glory of that which lasts!

    • Robert, as I mentioned earlier, Jeremiah gave the terms of the New Covenant - the law written on the heart by God Himself, rather than on tables of stone. Please explain which law Jeremiah was talking about.

      As explained in Hebrew,s the covenant based on human promises of obedience became obsolete as Christ ratified with His own blood the New Covenant promise of the law written in the heart.

      So now my question to you is two-fold: What fault do you find in the Ten Commandments, and what new Commandments do you believe Christ gave?

      A genuine answer would be helpful.

      • Inge, some Bible verses , such as Isaiah 66: 22-24 can not be speaking literally or you would have to believe in an eternal hell, not "until consumed", AND would you like to spend a Sabbath afternoon with this sort of activity? I bring it up because the SDAs holding tightly to their Sabbath doctrine is similar, which after the cross, there are no commands anywhere to worship on the Sabbath the seventh day of the week.

        Only this command, rather open ended on the matter: Hebrews 10: 24 "And let us consider how we may spur one another on toward love and good deeds, 25 not giving up meeting together, as some are in the habit of doing, but encouraging one another—and all the more as you see the Day approaching."

        • Hi Robert,

          Good to see you again! If you want to discuss Isaiah 66:22-24, last Sunday's lesson is probably the best place to do it: https://ssnet.org/blog/sunday-immortal-worms/ (Please do read what others already contributed before posting your own thoughts.)

          As for the Sabbath, I don't understand why you focus so much on commandments. God created the Sabbath at the end of creation week and "blessed" and "sanctified" it. That ought to be enough for any worshiper of God to spend it in "sanctified" activity. I *want* to spend the time with God on the Sabbath! I look forward to the weekly mini vacation the Lord set aside for me!

          When my husband was a supervisor on a huge building project in Aspen, Colorado, the company got a bit behind and decided to keep working seven days a week. (Not a very smart managerial decision, because it is known that efficiency of workers goes down significantly in such a scenario.) But that didn't affect Andy. He still had his weekly mini vacation. His workers asked him why he was always singing on Fridays, and he had a chance to share a bit. Many said they envied him his Sabbath rest - especially when he showed up rested and cheerful on Sundays when they looked (and felt) like they had hangovers..

          When God created the world, He knew we needed the Sabbath rest, not just for our spiritual well-being and remembrance of our Creator, but also for our physical well-being. We are blessed to have the Sabbath and to know the Lord of the Sabbath!

  15. Did Adam and Eve observe the Sabbath after Sin? What about Cain and Abel?, Noah? Lot? Abraham? Isaac? Jacob? Please give me the verses in the Bible.

    • Good question, Val. Genesis 2:3 says that God "hallowed" or "sanctified" the 7th day of the week, meaning that He set it apart for a holy purpose in the hearing of our first parents. The very fact that the holy line of patriarchs, that you have mentioned, even exists, tells me that these people were penitent sinners, deeply regretful of the earlier disobedience of Adam and Eve. To me it's inconceivable that they would have high-handedly set aside such a clear command by God as the observance of His holy day. Frankly, I don't need any Bible verses confirming their obedience in this particular.

      I hope this helps.

  16. God commanded for people to --

    (Exodus 20:8-9,11) Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.
    Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it

    The three angels' message calls people to --

    Rev.14:7 Worship Him Who made heaven and earth and the sea, and the fountains of waters.

    Had people remembered their Creator every seventh day, the whole anti-Creation, anti-Creator movement called evolution could not have gained its stranglehold on humanity.

    Revelation also tells us a major issue in the last days is God's commandments.
    Revelation 12:17 The dragon makes war with those who keep God's commandments.
    Revelation 14:12 The saints are identified as those who keep God's commandments.

    Yes, God's commandments are very much part of God's covenant.
    Romans 7:7 God's commandments define sin.

    The everlasting covenant's purpose is to free us from sin through God's grace, not free us from that which defines sin.

    This whole sin demonstration our world is going through was allowed in order to show that sin destroys and ruins, while following God's commandments is the way of goodness, peace, and harmony.

    In the Old Testament, God gave the people the gospel through the earthly sanctuary services. There they could find grace and forgiveness for sin, the slain lamb or goat prefiguring Christ taking their sins and dying in their place.

    In the New Testament, God gave us the gospel through Jesus, the Lamb of God, Who bore our sins in His own body and died and rose and ever lives to make atonement for us. In Him is forgiveness and cleansing from sin.

    The commandments didn't go away, but the sacrificial, temple system found its end in Christ and the better sanctuary, High Priest, and blood.

  17. Thank you for your beautiful study of the Sabbath. I want to maintain this lesson for reference but there is no way to print it. Can you please forward your study to my email account so that I can maintain your work in my file. Your study is a treasure that should be shared. Thank you!


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